Arabic Sentences: The Verbal Sentence

Posted on 12. Aug, 2012 by in Arabic Language, art, Culture, Current Affairs, Film, Geography, Grammar, History, Language, Literature, Pronunciation, Vocabulary

  • We have already studied the Nominal Sentence الـجــُــمــلــة الاســمــيـــة . Today, we are going to study the second type of the Arabic Sentences which is the Verbal Sentence الــجــمــلــة الــفــعــلــيـــة .
  • Simply speaking, the verbal sentence in the Arabic language is the sentence that starts with a verb فـِــعـــْـــل . It consists of a verb followed by the subject or doer فــاعــِـــل of the verb followed by the object مـَـــفــعـــُـــول بـــِــه .

  • The sentence in the picture above is a verbal one. It starts with the past verb كـــَـــتـــَــــبَ (wrote). Now, who wrote? Muhammad is the subject or doer فــاعــِـــل of the action. He (Muhammad) is the one or the person who wrote. So, Muhammad wrote, but wrote what? He (Muhammad) wrote the lesson الــدَّرسَ . Hence, the lesson is the object الــمــَــفـــعــــُـــول  . It is the thing that received the action. The action (writing) happened to the lesson.
  • A verbal sentence can be in the present tense زمــن الــمــُــضـــارع if its verb is in the present tense.

                             Ex.يــشــربُ مــُــحــَــمــّــــدٌ الــمــَــاءَ

                                   = Muhammad drinks (is drinking) (the) water.

  • A verbal sentence can be in the imperative mood صــيــغــة الأمــر if it starts with an imperative verb فـعــل أمــر

                        Ex.اِقـــْـــرَأ (أنــتَ) الــكــِـــتـــَــــابَ  =  Read (you) the book.

  • A verbal sentence can be in the passive voice صــيــغـــة الـمــبــنــى لـلــمــَــجــهـــُـــول if its verb is a passive verb فــعــل مـَــبــنــى لـلــمــجــهـــول

                         Ex.كــُـــتــِـــبَ الــدَّرسُ = The lesson was written.

  • A verbal sentence can have more than one object depending on the type of the verb.

                         Ex.أعــطــى الـمــُــعــَـــلــِّــــمُ عــَــلـِــيــّــاً جــَــائــِــزةً

                                 = The teacher gave Ali a present.

  • A verbal sentence can have no object at all if its verb is intransitive.

                         Ex.نـــَـــامَ الـــطـــِـــفـــْـــــلُ  = The baby slept.

  • A verbal sentence can contain other components such as الـحـــَــال / الـتــمــيــيــز / الـمــفــعـــول لأجــلــه / الـمــفــعـــول الــمـُــطــلــــق etc.

 (We will discuss each component of the verbal sentence in more detail later on.)

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Peace  ســـــلام /Salam/

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About Fisal

Well, I was born near the city of Rasheed or Rosetta. Yes, the city where the Rosetta Stone was discovered. It is a small city on the north of Egypt where the Nile meets the Mediterranean. I am a Teacher of EFL. I got my BA in Education from Alexandria University Majoring in the English Language in 1999. I did some advanced studies and got a Professional Diploma in Education Technology in 2002. Then, in 2003 I got a Special Diploma in Education with a major in Curricula and Methodologies. I travelled for an Advanced Training Course at Strathclyde University, Glasgow, U.K. in 2006. In 2007 - 2008 I was a Fulbright Fellow - Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language (FLTA Program) at Marlboro College, Vermont, USA. I have the ICDL Certificate.

7 Responses to “Arabic Sentences: The Verbal Sentence”

  1. BISE 24 January 2013 at 3:05 pm #

    I like your texts very much. That is why I would like to use them in my article, if it is possible. I am interesting in that topic, therefore I need you help. Please, say YES. Thank You.

  2. Burhanuddin salman 15 June 2014 at 12:04 pm #

    What happens when the verbal sentence has a fa’il which is in plural. Then how is the verb written?

  3. Fisal 19 June 2014 at 1:57 pm #

    Hi salman,
    Here is the answer to your question:
    http://blogs.transparent.com/arabic/the-verbal-sentence-part-3-subject-verb-agreement-number/
    Try searching the blog page for ‘The verbal Sentence” and you will have more articles. Also, try the “Older Entries” down the search page :)

  4. Junaid 6 October 2014 at 12:49 am #

    thanks for sharing

  5. Fisal 8 October 2014 at 6:10 pm #

    You are welcome, Junaid :)


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