Eid Al-Fitr عـيـد الـفِــطر

Posted on 29. Aug, 2011 by in Arabic Language, Culture, Language, Vocabulary

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      Tomorrow is the day of Eid. E’id Al-Fitr عيد الفطر , often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan; the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). Eid عيد is an Arabic word meaning “festivity,” while Fir فِطر means “breaking (the fast)”. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the thirty days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The first day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month Shawwaal that follows Ramadan in the Islamic calendar. E’id is the day of the reward جائزة after the hard work, devotion and worship during the whole month of Ramadan, so the whole community should share the happiness.

      Eid Al-Fitr is celebrated for three days. Common greetings during this holiday are the Arabic greeting ‘Eid Mubārak عيد مُبارك (“Blessed Eid”) or ‘Eid Sa‘eed عيد سعيد (“Happy Eid”). In addition, many countries have their own greetings based on local language and traditions.

        Eid Al-Fitr is a three-day feast and an official holiday in Egypt with vacations for schools, universities and government offices. Some stores and restaurants are also closed during Eid.

        The Eid day starts with a few dates بلح followed by Eid prayers in congregation attended by men, women and children in which the Islamic people remind Egyptians of the virtues and good deeds they should do unto others, even strangers, during Eid and throughout the year. Afterwards, neighbors, friends and relatives أقارب start greeting one another. Family visits زيارات are considered a must on the first day of the Eid, so they have the other two days to enjoy by going to parks الحدائق , cinemas السينمات , theatres المسارح or the beaches الشواطئ . Some like to go on tours or a Nile cruise.

      Children are normally given new clothes to wear throughout the Eid. Also, women (particularly mothers, wives, sisters and daughters) are commonly given special gifts by their loved ones. It is customary for children to also receive a Eidiyyah عيديه from their adult relatives. This is a small sum of money that the children receive and is used to spend on all their activities throughout the Eid. Children will wear their new clothes and go out to amusement parks, gardens حدائق or public courtyards based on how much their Eidiyyah affords. The amusement parks can range from the huge ones on the outskirts ضواحي of Cairo-Nile, Felucca Nile rides is one common feature of Eid celebration in Egyptian villages, towns and cities.

       The families gatherings involve cooking and eating all kinds of Egyptian food like Fattah, but the item most associated with Eid al-Fitr is Kah’k كحك (singular = Kah’ka كحكة) which are cookies filled with nuts and covered with powdered sugar. Egyptians either bake it at home or buy it in the bakery. Thus, a bakery crowded in the last few days of Ramadan with Kah’k buyers is a common scene. TV in Egypt celebrates Eid too, with a continuous marathon of movies as well as programs featuring live interviews from all over Egypt of both public figures and everyday citizens مواطنين , sharing their Eid celebrations.

      For a lot of families from working neighborhoods, the Eid celebration also means small mobile neighborhood rides, much like a neighborhood carnival. In a lot of neighborhood courtyards, kids also gather around a storyteller, a puppeteer or a magician mesmerized by Egyptian folktales or by a grownup’s sleight of hand. It is also customary for kids to rent decorated bikes to ride around town. Egyptians like to celebrate with others so the streets are always crowded مزدحم during the days and nights of Eid.

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About Fisal

Well, I was born near the city of Rasheed or Rosetta. Yes, the city where the Rosetta Stone was discovered. It is a small city on the north of Egypt where the Nile meets the Mediterranean. I am a Teacher of EFL. I got my BA in Education from Alexandria University Majoring in the English Language in 1999. I did some advanced studies and got a Professional Diploma in Education Technology in 2002. Then, in 2003 I got a Special Diploma in Education with a major in Curricula and Methodologies. I travelled for an Advanced Training Course at Strathclyde University, Glasgow, U.K. in 2006. In 2007 - 2008 I was a Fulbright Fellow - Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language (FLTA Program) at Marlboro College, Vermont, USA. I have the ICDL Certificate.

4 Responses to “Eid Al-Fitr عـيـد الـفِــطر”

  1. Macena 16 July 2012 at 4:40 pm #

    Assalamu’alaykum

    I need to point out the error in your post. ‘Eid al Fitr is not for 3 days but only 1. You have confused it with ‘Eid al Adha which is for 3 days celebrating the month of the Pilgrimage.
    It was probably an innocent mistake but it’s important to correct it because people reading this post will be confused by it.

    But this is a great article and I have learnt much from it.

    Wassalam.

  2. Fisal 19 July 2012 at 12:00 am #

    wa alykom assalam, sister,
    Thanks for your nice comment but I disagree with what you said about the time of the Eids. Eid Al-Fitr is 3 days while Al-Adha Eid last for 4 days.
    Thanks again for visiting our blog and we do hope that you visit us again.
    Ramadan Kareem and best regards
    Salam

  3. Mahek 13 August 2012 at 6:47 am #

    Assalam Aliykum,

    As per Makkah Calendar announcement, Eid Al Fitr 2012 should be celebrated on Sunday, 19th August 2012. Following is the detailed announcement about same.

    Eid Al Fitr 2012 / Eid Ul Fitr 2012
    Aïd El Fitr 2012
    عيد الفطر 2012 – عيد الفطر 1433

    - Mahek


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