Mabni Words الكلمات المبنية

Posted on 13. Aug, 2011 by in Arabic Language, Grammar, Language, Pronunciation, Vocabulary

         In my previous post, we were introduced to the two grammatical terms of Mo’rab and Mabni. We learnt that a Mo’rab word is that which changes the harakah at its end and the Mabni word is that which is always the same with no change of harakah at its end.

  • Most nouns and present verbs fall into the Mo’rab category.
  • Today, we are going to learn the different words in the Mabni category.

Mabni Words

A) Horoof حُروف or Particles

          All Horoof or particles including all prepositions are Mabni words. They are pronounced the same whatever the position they have in the sentence.  

            EX.  – from مِن / to إلى  / on على / about عن / in في / or أو / and و / but لكن … etc.

B) Mabni Nouns الأسماء المبنية 

  • Some certain nouns always fall into the Mabni category. These nouns are as follow:

     1-  Pronouns الضمائر : All pronouns are Mabni words; they are pronounced the same.

                     EX. – I أنا / you أنتَ / he هو / she هي / we نحنُ  … etc.  

     2-  Demonstrative Nouns أسماء الإشارة  :

                     EX.  – this هذا / هذه / that ذلك / تلك / these  هؤلاء  etc.

     3-  Relative Nouns الأسماء الموصولة  :

                     EX. – who / which / الذي / التي / اللذان / اللتان / who الذين / اللائيetc.  

     4-  Conditional Nouns أسماء الشرط  :

                     EX. – he who مَن / what ما / if  إذا  / إنْ / when متى / where أينَetc.  

     5-  Interrogative Nouns أسماء الاستفهام :

                     EX. – who مَن / what ما  / ماذا / when متى  / how كيف  / how many/much كم   etc.

     6-   Compound Numbers الأعداد المركبة :

                 Numbers from eleven to nineteen except for twelve are all Mabni words.

                    Ex. – eleven أحدَ عشرَ / thirteen  ثلاثة عشرَ / …… nineteen تسعةَ عشرَ 

     7-  Some Adverbs بعض الظروف :

                    Ex. – where حيثُ / yesterday أمس / now الآنَ   etc.   

     8-  Compound Adverbs الظروف المُركبة :

             Ex. – day and night ليلَ نهارَ / morning and evening صباحَ مساءَ / in-between بينَ بينَetc.  

C) Mabni Verbs الأفعال المبنية :

      * All Past verbs and all Imperative verbs fall into the category of Mabni words.

               Ex. – Ali went to school. ذهبَ علىٌ إلى المدرسة

     There is always a Fathah at the end of all past verbs that is why – in Arabic – we say that the past verb is Mabni on the Fath (فعل ماضي مبنى على الفتح ). You can not add a Dammah or Kasrah or Sukoon above the last letter of any past verb.

             Ex. – Go to school, Ali. اذهبْ إلى المدرسة يا علىُ

    Imperatives are like past verbs but the correct harakah that goes with them at the end of the verb is the Sukoon that is why we say that the imperative verb is Mabni on the Sukoon.

     * Present tense verbs are Mabni only in two cases:

1-  If the present verb is attached to the Noon of Affirmation but not with the Dual Alif or the Plural Waw.

            Ex. – Don’t write the lesson. لا تكـتــُـبَـنَّ الدرسَ (Fathah on the last letter of the verb)

                 – I will keep my promise. لأحافظـَـنَّ على العهدِ  (Fathah on the last letter of the verb)

2-  If the present verb is attached to the Plural Feminine Noon.

            Ex. –  The girls are writing the lesson. البناتُ يكتـُبـْنَ الدرسَ  

                                  (Sukoon on the last letter of the verb).

*********

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Peace  سلام  /Salam/

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About Fisal

Well, I was born near the city of Rasheed or Rosetta. Yes, the city where the Rosetta Stone was discovered. It is a small city on the north of Egypt where the Nile meets the Mediterranean. I am a Teacher of EFL. I got my BA in Education from Alexandria University Majoring in the English Language in 1999. I did some advanced studies and got a Professional Diploma in Education Technology in 2002. Then, in 2003 I got a Special Diploma in Education with a major in Curricula and Methodologies. I travelled for an Advanced Training Course at Strathclyde University, Glasgow, U.K. in 2006. In 2007 - 2008 I was a Fulbright Fellow - Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language (FLTA Program) at Marlboro College, Vermont, USA. I have the ICDL Certificate.

13 Responses to “Mabni Words الكلمات المبنية”

  1. Juan 14 August 2011 at 5:48 am #

    Hello Fisal,
    That is a very interesting view or classification of the arabic words. I admit I never approach them in such a way.

    I will need some time to get used to this concept, expecially for verbs.

    Thanks for the great help that you are providing us by these small jewels of the arabic language.

    Juan

  2. Will 14 August 2011 at 3:14 pm #

    excellent post, thank you for taking the time to explain these concepts

  3. Fisal 15 August 2011 at 12:32 am #

    Shukran Juan and Will. I am very happy you find this helpful. Actually learning and understanding the Arabic language grammar helps a great deal in tasting and feeling the beauty of the language.
    Best
    Fisal

  4. Scheich Josef 15 August 2011 at 2:12 am #

    مرحبا يا فيصل

    if a mabni word ends on a consonant then its pronunciation depends on whether the next word starts with a همزة وصل (hamzat wasl) ٱ or not. For example take the harf مِن (from):

    مِنْ مدينة (from a city) but مِنَ ٱلمدينة (from the city).

    رمضان مبارك!

    يوسف

  5. Fisal 16 August 2011 at 7:26 pm #

    Ahlan Sheikh Josef,
    Thanks for your comment and example. What you said is right on the sentence level. My post was dealing with separate words in general. Exceptions and the rules of Wasl hamza will be dealt with later when I discus sentences and hamza rules in more detail.
    Shukran and Ramadan Kareem
    Fisal

  6. Joslyn Retamar 29 May 2012 at 12:43 pm #

    This is certainly such a great contraption that you are offering and you supply it away for 100 % free. I love experiencing websites that fully understand the cost of rendering a high-quality tool for totally free. It’s the out of date whatever available will come all over schedule ..

  7. Fisal 31 May 2012 at 4:30 pm #

    Thanks Joslyn for your nice words. We are honored.
    Best
    Fisal

  8. hava 25 September 2012 at 1:55 pm #

    What does it mean Mabni? Mabni my grandpa name,but i dont know what mean is Mabni.please answer my questione. thanks…

  9. Scheich Josef 4 October 2012 at 11:19 pm #

    Hi hava!

    The weak verb بنى [bana:] usually means “to build” or “to construct”. In grammar it means “to give a word an indeclinable ending” in a certain vowel or a vowelless consonant.

    The passive participle of this verb is مبني [mabni:j] and means therefore “build” or “constructed”. In grammar it means “indeclinable” or “with an indeclinable ending”.

    Josef

  10. Lee Lee 8 February 2013 at 9:35 pm #

    Thanx for this wonderful breakdown of mabni

  11. Fisal 9 February 2013 at 5:13 am #

    You are very welcome, Lee :)

  12. Allan Vogland 17 November 2014 at 10:39 am #

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