- The nominal sentence الجملة الاسمية starts with a noun.
- It consists of two main items; the Mubtada المبتدأ and the Predicate (Al-Khabar الخبر ).
- The Mubtada is the noun that we speak about or judge and can be any grammatical item that acts as a noun; ( http://blogs.transparent.com/arabic/the-nominal-sentence-the-subject-al-mubtada).
- The Khabar is what we say about the Mubtada or the judgment حُكم we make about it and can be any of three types; ( http://blogs.transparent.com/arabic/the-nominal-sentence-the-predicate-al-khabar ).
Multiplication of the Predicate تعدد الخبر
A nominal sentence can have more than one predicate (Khabar) or judgment.
Ex. 1 – ابن زيدون شاعرٌ كاتبٌ = Ibn Zaydoon (is) a poet (and) writer.
In the Arabic sentence above, there are two predicates; the first is the word شاعر (poet) and the second predicate is the word كاتب (writer) and both predicates tell us something new about the Mubtada.
Note that verb “to be” is assumed and is not written in the Arabic nominal sentence.
Note also that the addition word “and” can’t be written here between the two predicates.
Ex. 2 – المقالةُ موجزةٌ قويةُ الأسلوبِ واضحةُ الفكرةِ
= The article is brief with a strong style and a clear idea.
Here in this example, there are THREE predicates; موجزةٌ , قويةُ and واضحةُ . so, to parse or analyze the whole sentence grammatically, we say:
– المقالةُ (The Article) : Mubtada marfoo’ with a dammah.
- موجزةٌ (brief) : First Khabar marfoo’ with a dammah.
– قويةُ (strong) : Second Khabar marfoo’ with a dammah.
- الأسلوبِ (style) : Modaaf majroor with a kasrah.
– واضحةُ (clear) : Third Khabar marfoo’ with a dammah.
– الفكرةِ (idea) : Modaaf majroor with a kasrah.
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