The costumes of Arab peoples are distinctive, and they differ from one country to another. In many countries, especially in cities most men wear Western clothes. For example, in Egypt and Syria men in cities wear suits, jeans, shirts, etc, however in the countryside men still wear traditional clothes.
In this post, I describe the costume of men in Arabian counties, i.e. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. Men wear a long sleeved one piece dress that covers the whole body, called a “Dishdashah” (دشداشة) or “Thoub” (ثوب). The main color of the thoub is white, but it can be of dark colors as well like brown, blue, grey, etc. It can be made of different materials like cotton, wool, etc. On top of the thoub, there could be worn a cloak (عباية).
With the Dishdashah, men also wear a 3-piece head cover. The bottom piece of this head covering is a white cap which is used to hold the hair in place. On top, there is a scarf-like head cover that comes in two types: a light, white head cover called “Gutrah” (غترة) which is worn during summer, and a heavy red and white checked head cover called “Shumag” (شماغ) which is worn during winter. On top of both, there is the “Ogal” (عقال) which is a black band surrounding the top of the head to hold everything else in place.