As the first printing was developed, a new revolution took place, books, bibles and scripts that were ones copied by hand written notes, often leading (dazu bringen ) to spelling mistakes or even making an entire sentence into a different version was suddenly replaced by the printing press in 1440 . Even when Pope Pius II read the first printed bible, he noted:
“All that has been written to me about that marvelous man seen at Frankfurt is true. I have not seen complete Bibles but only a number of various books of the Bible. The script was very neat and legible, not at all difficult to follow—your grace would be able to read it without effort, and indeed without glasses.”
Johannes Gutenberg was the first person to invent (erfinden) printing in Europe, excluding far eastern printing methods of course.
His invention of mechanical (mechanisch) movable type printing started the Printing and is widely regarded (betrachtet) the most important event of the modern days. It played a key role in the development of the reformation and the scientific revolution and laid the material basis for the modern economy and the spread the learning knowledge.
For years, book printing was considered (in Betracht ziehen) a true art form. Typesetting or the placement of the characters on the page, including the use of Ligatures was passed down from master to apprentice. In Germany, the art of typesetting (Schriftsetzen) was termed the “black art,” in allusion to the ink-covered printers. It has largely been replaced by computer typesetting programs, which make it easy to get similar results more quickly and with less physical labor. Some practitioners (Praktiker) continue to print books the way Gutenberg did. For example (Beispiel), there is a yearly convention of traditional book printers in Mainz, Germany.
Though what many don’t know is that Gutenberg was most likely in connection with the artist “ Master of Playing Cards”
Who was the first major master in the history of printmaking. He was a German engraver and probably also an active painter in southwestern Germany from the 1430s to the 1450s, who has been called “the first personality in the history of engraving.
Although he comes very early in the history of engraving for prints the Master of the Playing Cards is certainly not the inventor of the technique, but he is the first significant artist to use either printmaking technique. After him come a series of other significant engravers with a training as either an artist or a goldsmith. (Goldschmied) And this includes Gutenberg.
Leading- dazu bringen
considered- in Betracht ziehen
Learn the German words here- with audio!