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Playing with Greek verbs Posted by on May 4, 2017 in Grammar, Vocabulary

The Greek language is rich in compound words. In this post, there is a list of compound verbs formed by an adverb and a verb or by two verbs. They are used mostly in spoken language. They are very “colorful” and can be used in many contexts.

Ξανά + verb

Ξανά means again. It can be used with most verbs to form a compound verb.

ξανακάνω: ξανά + κάνω (to do)

Δε θα το ξανακάνω ποτέ. I will never do this again.

ξαναβλέπω: ξανά + βλέπω (to see)

Είδα την Ειρήνη χθες και την ξαναείδα σήμερα το πρωί. I saw Irini yesterday and I saw her again this morning.

ξανά + κοιμάμαι (to sleep)

Δεν θα ξανακοιμηθώ ποτέ μετά τις πέντε το πρωί. I will never sleep again before 5 a.m.

 

Σιγά + verb

Σιγά can mean slowly, smoothly or softly.

σιγοβράζω: σιγά + βράζω (to boil)

Η κρέμα πρέπει να σιγοβράσει. The cream needs to boil in low temperature.

σιγοβρέχει: σιγά + βρέχει (to rain)

Σήμερα έχει υγρασία γιατί σιγοβρέχει από το πρωί.

It is a humid day since it is drizzling since morning.

σιγοτραγουδάω: σιγά + τραγουδάω (to sing)

Όσο δούλευε, σιγοτραγουδούσε. While he was working, he was singing softly.

 

Verb + Verb

 

αναβοσβήνω: ανάβω (to turn on) + σβήνω (to turn off)

Ο οδηγός αναβόσβησε τα φώτα του τρεις φορές. The driver flashed his lights three times.

ανεβοκατεβαίνω: ανεβαίνω (to go up) + κατεβαίνω (to go down)

Παιδιά, σταματήστε να ανεβοκατεβαίνετε τη σκάλα! Children, stop going up and down the stairs!

ανοιγοκλείνω: ανοίγω (to open) + κλείνω (to close)

Δεν είναι καλή η φωτογραφία γιατί ανοιγόκλεισα τα μάτια μου. The photo is not nice because I blinked.

μπαινοβγαίνω: μπαίνω (to enter) + βγαίνω (to go out)

Τι ώρα είναι αυτή που γύρισες χθες; Δεν μπορείς να μπαινοβγαίνεις εδώ μέσα όποτε θέλεις!

Why did you come so late yesterday? You cannot come and go whenever you like!

τρεμοπαίζω: τρέμω (to shake) + παίζω (to  play)

Φανταστείτε ένα κερί που τρεμοπαίζει. Imagine a flickering candle.

 

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About the Author:Ourania

Ourania lives in Athens. She holds a degree in French Literature and a Master’s degree in Special Education for Children. Since 2008, she has been teaching Greek to foreigners.


Comments:

  1. Simon:

    Not quite the same but I’ve noticed words being doubled in speech eg σιγα σιγα (gently does it?) and πρωι πρωι (early morning).


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