Adjectives in Hindi

Posted on 29. Aug, 2011 by in Hindi Language

Today, I will show you the adjectives in Hindi. In Hindi, adjectives are called विशेषण (Visheshad).

Visheshad (adjective) is a word that tell us more information of a noun.

In Hindi, adjectives are of 4 types.

1. गुणवाचक विशेषण (Gudvachak Visheshad – Qualitative Adjective)

This adjective tell us a qualitative attribute of a noun.

These adjectives are further divided into 6 types:
a. गुणबोधक (Gunbodhak – Quality)
Examples: अच्छा (accha – good, nice), बुरा (Bura – bad), ईमानदार (imandar – honest),सच्चा (Saccha – true)
b. आकारबोधक (Aakarbodak – Shape)
Examples: लम्बा (Lamba – Long), छोटा (chota – Short), मोटा (mota – thick, fat), गोल (gol – round)
c. स्थानबोधक (Sthanbodak – Place)
Examples: जापानी (japani – Japanese), बाहरी (bahari – outsider), उच्चा (uccha – upper),नीचा (nicha – down)
d. रंगबोधक (Rangbodak – Color)
Examples: लाल (lal – Red),पीला (pila – yellow), सफ़ेद (safed – white),काला (kala – black)
e. स्वाद/गंद बोधक (Svad/Gand bodak – Taste/Smell)
Examples: मीठा (Mitha – Sweet), फ़ीखा (fikha – Tasteless),खट्टा (khatta – Sour), सुघंदित (sughandit – perfumed)
f. अन्य (Any – Miscellaneous)
Examples: मुलायम (mulayam – Soft),जंगली (jangali – Wild),पालतू (paltu – domestic)

2. परिमाणवाचक विशेषण (Parimaad Visheshad- Quantitative Adjective)

This adjective tell us a quantitative attribute of a noun.

These adjective are of 2 types:
a. निश्चित परिमाणवाचक विशेषण (Nishchit Parimaad Visheshad- Definite Quantitative Adjective)
Examples: दो किलो (do kilo – Two kilo), सो मीटर (so meter – Hundred meter)
b. अनिश्चित परिमाणवाचक विशेषण (Anishchit Parimaad Visheshad- Indefinite Quantitative Adjective)
Examples: जायदा (jayda – Plenty, More), कम (kam – Less), कुछ (kuch – some)

3. संज्ञावाचक विशेषण (Sangyavachak Visheshad- Numeral Adjective)

This adjective tell us a numeral attribute of a noun.

These adjectives are of 2 types:
a. निश्चित संज्ञावाचक विशेषण (Nishchit Sangyavachak Visheshad- Definite Numeral Adjective)
Examples: दो (Do – Two), पहला (Pehla – First)
b. अनिश्चित संज्ञावाचक विशेषण (Anishchit Sangyavachak Visheshad- Indefinite Numeral Adjective)
Examples: कई (kai – Many), थोड़े (thodhe – few), कुछ (kuch – some)

4. सार्वनामिक विशेषण (Sarvanaamik Visheshad - Demonstrative Adjective)

The pronoun that is used as adjective for a noun.
Examples: मेरी पुस्तक (meri pustak – my book), किसका काम (kiska kaam – whose work), आपका सामान (aapka saman – your stuff)

Tags: , , , ,

About Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering.Currently, He is works in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish and Chinese, Japanese and Russian. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with it. He has been working with Transparent Language in 2010 and since then has written over 350 blogs on various topics on India, its culture, Hindi language and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.

3 Responses to “Adjectives in Hindi”

  1. hema 9 November 2012 at 12:08 pm #

    thank u so much this was so helpful to me. it was so understandable.

  2. Anmol 31 December 2012 at 6:35 am #

    Thank you very much..
    It helped me to humiliate my friend who said he was expert in hindi grammer

  3. Pam 3 January 2013 at 5:18 am #

    नमस्ते Nitin! Bahut, bahut dhanyavad for your clear and concise post! I’ve been learning Hindi for a while and I think this will prove to be very useful!! Greetings from Buenos Aires, Argentina! Everyone is welcome to visit! :)


Leave a Reply