Common Urdu Words in Hindi

Posted on 18. Dec, 2012 by in Hindi Language

Hindi language is full of loan words and you would be amazed to see, many words that we use in our daily conversation have foreign origins. In this post, I will show you some of the most frequently used Urdu words in Hindi.

Urdu language in itself has origin in Hindi. It has derived its grammar from Hindi which has been derived from the Sanskrit, however, unlike Hindi the derived words are not from Sanskrit language but many other languages such as Arabic, Persian, and Turkish etc. Interesting thing is that many of the Hindi speakers unknowingly use or hear them daily and will claim that the words are of native origin rather than foreign. Words which seem unmistakably indigenous or derived from Sanskrit like चाय (Chai – Tea), सितार (Sitar), हिंदी (Hindi), जवाहर (Javaahar – Gem) and दोस्त (Dost – Friend) etc. are all loan words from other foreign languages!

Some of the most important Urdu words which are used in Hindi are:

Urdu Hindi English Translation
दोस्त – Dost मित्र – Mitr Friend
शुक्रिया – Shukriya धन्यवाद – Dhanyavad Thank/Thank you
दिल – Dil हृदय – Hardiya Heart
औरत – Aurat स्त्री – Stri Woman
आज़ादी – Azadi स्वतन्त्रता – Svatantrata Independence
कानून – Kanoon नियम – Niyam Rule/Law
साहब – Sahab श्रीमान – Shrimaan Mister
खून – Khoon रक्त – Rakt Blood
इमारत – Imaarat भवन – Bhavan Building
दिन – Din दिवस – Divas Day
हालत – Halat स्थिति – Sthithi Condition
कमरा – Kamara कक्ष – Kaksh Room
दरवाजा – Darwaza द्वार – Dwar Door
शर्म – Sharam लिज्जा – Lajja Shame
इज्ज़त – Izzat प्रतिष्ठा – Pratishta Reputation
किस्सा – Kissa घटना – Ghatna Event
ईमान – Imaan गरिमा – Garima Dignity
किस्मत – Kismat भाग्य – Bhagya Destiny
अखबार – Akhbaar समाचारपत्र – Samacharpatr Newspaper
ज़हर – Zahar विष – Vish Poison
वक़्त – Vaqt समय – Samay Time
ख़बर – Khabar समाचार – Samachar News
तारीख – Taarikh दिनाक – Dinaak Date
वतन – Vatan देश – Desh Country
ख्वाब – Khvaab सपना – Sapana Dream
हुकुम – Hukum आदेश – Aadesh Command
बहादुर – Bahaadur निडर – Nidar Bold
हवा – Havaa वायु – Vaayu Air
किताब – Kitaab पुस्तक – Pustak Book
सिर्फ – Sirf केवल – Keval Only
साहिल – Saahil किनारा- Kinara Shore
यार – Yaar मित्र – Mitr Friend
गुनाह – Gunah अपराध – Aparaadh Crime

 

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About Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering.Currently, He is works in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish and Chinese, Japanese and Russian. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with it. He has been working with Transparent Language in 2010 and since then has written over 350 blogs on various topics on India, its culture, Hindi language and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.

6 Responses to “Common Urdu Words in Hindi”

  1. Vidhu Shekhar 22 January 2013 at 8:45 pm #

    I hope you will take it constructively.
    1.
    निडर (fearless) is not a synonym for बहादुर (brave) and both words are used in Hindi.
    2.
    किनारा is the common word in Hindi : not साहिल ! You may be thinking of Hindi film songs where this word -and several more Persian / Urdu words would be preferred to किनारा and other Hindi words. Not in the conversational Hindi. The same with सपना (much more common in conversations)and ख़्वाब (common in songs).
    3.
    यार has a very different connotation from मित्र / दोस्त.
    4.
    ईमान (integrity / honesty) and गरिमा (dignity / decorum) are two very different words and one is not used in place of the other.
    5.
    The same with कानून (law)and नियम (rule). Both are common in Hindi.
    6.
    The same with किस्सा (anecdote) and घटना (incident) !
    7.
    It’s लज्जा, not लिज्जा.

  2. Dr Farthing 1 September 2013 at 2:39 am #

    I needed details relating to this on Aol and ran into your write-up. I found it nice and clear. Cheers

  3. Lucky jain 20 September 2013 at 11:00 am #

    Please sir urdu words hindi me urdu bhasa ke likhe hon aur urdu me v aur hindi me v likha karo…

  4. Nitin Kumar 22 September 2013 at 3:22 pm #

    kya?

  5. S,D,JOSEPH 7 December 2013 at 6:07 pm #

    meaning of urdu words
    shiddat
    shiddat-ai-tashnagi
    gairat
    gairat-Ai-mehkashi
    vehshat
    paimal
    fitna-ai-hizr-o-bisal
    tameer ka sauda
    malal
    mashk-ai-sitam

  6. Nitin Kumar 14 December 2013 at 3:59 pm #

    @S,D,JOSEPH: These words are not used in Hindi.


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