Compound in Hindi

Posted on 25. Aug, 2011 by in Hindi Language

Lets me show you an interesting topic of समास (Samaas – Compound) in Hindi. Understanding of them will not only strengthen your comprehension of Hindi texts further but also the creativity of word formation in Hindi.

Compound of Hindi comes into existence when two or more than two mutual words are joined in Hindi.

There are six kind of compounds in Hindi. Lets have a look into each kind with a brief explanation in English and few examples in Hindi.

1. तत्पुरुष समास (Determinative Compound)
There compound is further divided into two types:
a) संज्ञा + संज्ञा ( Noun + Noun )
This is formed by the combination of two nouns.


Compound
Meaning
1.
पुस्तकालय
पुस्तक का आलय
2.
राजकुमार
राजा का कुमार
3.
 घुड़सवार
घोड़े पर सवार
4.
 रसोईघर
रसोई के लिए घर

b) Noun + Verb
This is formed by the combination of a noun and verb.


Compound
Meaning/Formation
1.
गगनचुन्भी
गगन को चूमने वाला
2.
 राजपुत्र
राजा का पुत्र
3.
 देशरक्षा
देश की रक्षा
4.
 धनहीन
धन से हीन

2. बहुब्रीहि समास (Attributive Compound)
This is formed by the combination of two nouns or verbs or both and when neither the first word nor the second word is emphasised.


Compound
Meaning/Formation
1.
चक्रधर
चक्र को धारण करता है जो
2.
 चतुमुख
चार मुहँ है जिसके
3.
 चतुभुर्ज
चार भुजाय है जिसकी
4.
 दशानन
दश आनन (मुहँ) है जिसके

3. द्धन्द्ध समास (Copulative Compound)
This is formed by the combination of two nouns and when both nouns are equally emphasised.


Compound
Meaning/Formation
1.
नर-नारी
नर और नारी
2.
 लाभ- हानि
लाभ और हानि
3.
 माता-पिता
माता और पिता
4.
 ऊंच - नीच
 ऊँचा और नीचा

4. अव्ययीभाव समास (Adverbial Compound)
This is formed by the combination of two nouns and when first nouns is emphasised.


Compound
Meaning/Formation
1.
भरपेट
पेट भरकर
2.
 प्रतिदिन
प्रत्येक दिन
3.
 रातभर
पूरी रात
4.
 प्रतिवर्ष
प्रत्येक वर्ष

5. कर्मधारय समास (Appositional Compound)
This is formed by the combination of nouns or noun and adjective and analogy is emphasised.


Compound
Meaning/Formation
1.
नीलगगन
नीला गगन
2.
 महादेव
महान देव
3.
 महात्मा
 महान आत्मा
4.
 चरणकमल
चरण रूपी कमल

6. द्धिगु समास (Numeral Compound)
This is formed by the combination of a numeral adjective and noun.


Compound
Meaning/Formation
1.
नवग्रह
नौ ग्रहों का समूह
2.
 चौराहा
चार राहों का समूह
3.
 त्रिफला
तीन फलों का समूह
4.
 त्रिभुवन
तीन भवनों का समूह

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About Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. Professionally, he has got Masters in Robotics and currently works in the field of technical research in hi-tech industry in Germany. His passion for Indian culture and writing in particular, has motivated him to share technical and cultural blogs on various websites. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 300 blogs on various facet of his motherland, India and his language, Hindi. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.

2 Responses to “Compound in Hindi”

  1. sara 11 January 2014 at 10:01 am #

    please can you tell the vigrah for gramgth, gehibada, suputhr.
    thank you…..


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