There is incredible variety of folk art (लोक – कला) in India which define its ethnic diversity and rich cultural heritage. Let me show you some of the famous folk art from India.
तंजौर की चित्रकारी (Tanjore Painting)
Tanjore paintings are famous folk art from south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This paintings represent an important form of classical South Indian painting style which is native to the town of Thanjavur (also know as as Tanjore) in Tamil Nadu. This painting style is around 400 years old. These paintings are famous for their surface richness, bright colors and compact composition. Mostly, these painting depicts an Hindu religious such as icons, god, goddess or saints.
मधुबनी की चित्रकारी (Madhubani Painting)
Madhubani paintings which are also known as Mithila paintings is native folk art of Mithila region (an city in ancient India) from northeast state of India state of Bihar and the adjoining parts of Terai region in Nepal. Incredible facts about these paintings are that these painting s are done with variety of medium such as fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments, and are characterized by vivid colors and splendid geometrical patterns.
राजस्थानी की लघु चित्रकारी (Rajasthani Miniature Painting)
This paintings style is also known as Rajput painting. This style was evolved and flourished under the royal patronage of Rajput emperor of India during of the 18th century. This style assimilated the style of Mughal painting which was itself derived from the Persian miniature. All colors were extracted or derived from certain metals like gold or silver, minerals, plant, conch shells or even precious stones. These paintings depict a variety of themes or events like the Ramayana , the Mahabharata or Krishna’s life from Hindu mythology and beautiful landscapes and humans. These paintings could be found on the single sheets which could be placed in albums or on the walls of palaces, inner chambers of the forts and building ceiling.
पत्ताचित्र चित्रकारी (Pattachitra Paintings)
Pattachitra is formed from two Sanskrit words of patta which means canvas and chitra which means picture. These are the traditional painting art of southeastern Indian state of Orissa. This painting style is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Orissa. Mostly, these paintings depicst Hindu mythology and specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava cult. All colors used in these paintings are derived from nature.