Jana Gana Mana – The National Anthem of India

Posted on 25. Aug, 2012 by in Hindi Language

The national anthem is called राष्ट्रगान (Rastryagaan). जन गण मन (Jana Gana Mana) is the national anthem of India.  It was written by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1911 and in the same year, it was sung for the first time by Indian National Congress (A political party). After Independence of India from British rule, it was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950.

Although, it was written in Bengali with heavy use of Sanskrit words, it was adopted in Hindi as it was originated also from Sanskrit and thus, shares many Sanskrit words. The national anthem of India consists of 5 stanza must take approximately 52 seconds.

Devanagari Script:

जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे
भारत भाग्यविधाता
पंजाब सिन्धु गुजरात मराठा
द्राविड़ उत्कल बंगा
विन्ध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा
उच्छल जलधि तरंगा
तव शुभ नामे जागे
तव शुभ आशीष मागे
गाहे तव जयगाथा

जन गण मंगलदायक जय हे
भारत भाग्यविधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे
जय जय जय जय हे!

Romanized Hindi:

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Tava shubha name jage,
Tava shubha asisa mange,
Gahe tava jaya gatha,
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!

English Translation:

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Shindhu,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bangla;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganges and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Ocean.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
victory forever.

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About Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 400 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.

18 Responses to “Jana Gana Mana – The National Anthem of India”

  1. Parvathi 26 August 2012 at 2:30 pm #

    Great post about our National Anthem. Thanks for sharing.

  2. vishnu 15 May 2013 at 1:03 pm #

    Thanks, but what about the other 4 stanzas out of 5??.Awaiting egerly


  3. Nitin Kumar 16 May 2013 at 4:48 pm #

    Namaste Vishnuji,

    Other 4 stanzas are not part of the national anthem of India.


  4. poonam 7 August 2013 at 4:29 pm #

    can i have meaning of national anthem in hindi not in english.

  5. anokhishah 28 November 2013 at 10:36 am #

    why is it that there is only one stanza out of 5 pls write the other four in hindi 2

  6. Nitin Kumar 28 November 2013 at 8:13 pm #

    @anokhishah: Because other 4 stanza are not part of Indian national anthem.

  7. Rajesh 10 March 2014 at 1:40 pm #

    Hi All,
    This is 2nd stanza..

    Aharaha tava ahwaan Bhaan prachaarita,
    Sunithav udhaar vaani
    Hindu Bauddh Shikh Jain Parashikh,
    Musalmaan Christaani
    Purav pashchim aashey,
    Tava sinhaasan paashey
    Premhaar hoy gaathaa
    Jana gana iky vidhaayako jaya he,
    Bharata bhaagya vidhaata
    Jaya he jaya he jaya he Jaya jaya jaya jaya he.

  8. Rajesh 10 March 2014 at 1:41 pm #

    3rd stanza…

    Pathana abhbhudhay bandhur panthaa,
    Yuga Yuga dhaavith Daathri
    Hey chirsaarathi, tava ratha chakre,
    Mukhurith patha din raatri
    Daaruna viplav maajhey,
    Tava shankhadhwani baajey
    Sankata dukkho traatha
    Jana gana patha parichaayak jaya hey,
    Bharata bhaagya vidhaata
    Jaya he jaya he jaya he Jaya jaya jaya jaya he.

  9. Rajesh 10 March 2014 at 1:41 pm #


    Ghor timir ghan nivir nishithey,
    Peedith murchhith deshey
    Jagrath chil thav avichala mangala,
    Natanaya ney animeshey
    Duhswapney aatanke,
    Rakshaa kariley ankey
    Snehamai tumhi maataa
    Jana Gana Duhkh Thrayaka jaya hey,
    Bharata bhaagya vidhaatha
    Jaya he jaya he jaya he Jaya jaya jaya jaya he

  10. Rajesh 10 March 2014 at 1:42 pm #

    5 th..

    Raatri prabhatil udila rabichhabi,
    Purva udaya giri bhaaley
    Gaahey vihangam punya sameeran,
    Nava jivano rass dhaley
    Thava karunaaruna ragey,
    Nidritha bhaarat jagey
    Tava charane nath maatha
    Jayo Jayo Jayo Hey, Jaya Rajeshwar
    Bharata bhaagya vidhaata
    Jaya he jaya he jaya he Jaya jaya jaya jaya he.

  11. Umesh 12 August 2014 at 9:56 am #

    koi mujhe ye btaega ki ye humara national anthem kyo hai ??? Ye song gorge pancham k liye Wlcm song tha… Matlab Isme Gorge Pancham ko bharat ka Bhagya Vidhata btaya gya h jo ki bilkul galat h… Koi Foreigner humare bharat ka Bhagya Vidhata kese ho sakta h…. ???

  12. vikash singh 16 August 2014 at 1:17 pm #

    what is meaning of national anthem of india in word to word. please reply me anyone at singh333vikash@gmail.com

  13. sahrawatnisha 26 September 2014 at 5:44 pm #

    thankyou paancho stanzas ke meaning btane ke liye

  14. Piyushraj Keshaw 14 June 2015 at 4:55 am #

    Its my favorite song

  15. VIVEK SAHAY 28 June 2015 at 11:49 am #

    Its my favorit song

  16. VIVEK SAHAY 28 June 2015 at 11:52 am #

    भारत माता की जय ……..

  17. Joseph 18 July 2015 at 7:37 am #

    I will salute always, if I’m hearing the song

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