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The national anthem is called राष्ट्रगान (Rastryagaan). जन गण मन (Jana Gana Mana) is the national anthem of India. It was written by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1911 and in the same year, it was sung for the first time by Indian National Congress (A political party). After Independence of India from British rule, it was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950.
Although, it was written in Bengali with heavy use of Sanskrit words, it was adopted in Hindi as it was originated also from Sanskrit and thus, shares many Sanskrit words. The national anthem of India consists of 5 stanza must take approximately 52 seconds.
जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे
पंजाब सिन्धु गुजरात मराठा
द्राविड़ उत्कल बंगा
विन्ध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा
उच्छल जलधि तरंगा
तव शुभ नामे जागे
तव शुभ आशीष मागे
गाहे तव जयगाथा
जन गण मंगलदायक जय हे
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे
जय जय जय जय हे!
Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Tava shubha name jage,
Tava shubha asisa mange,
Gahe tava jaya gatha,
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Shindhu,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bangla;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganges and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Ocean.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.