Jana Gana Mana – The National Anthem of India

Posted on 25. Aug, 2012 by in Hindi Language

The national anthem is called राष्ट्रगान (Rastryagaan). जन गण मन (Jana Gana Mana) is the national anthem of India.  It was written by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1911 and in the same year, it was sung for the first time by Indian National Congress (A political party). After Independence of India from British rule, it was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950.

Although, it was written in Bengali with heavy use of Sanskrit words, it was adopted in Hindi as it was originated also from Sanskrit and thus, shares many Sanskrit words. The national anthem of India consists of 5 stanza must take approximately 52 seconds.

Let’s experience the national anthem of India with a video, it’s lyrics in Hindi, Romanized Hindi and its translation into English.

Devanagari Script:

जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे
भारत भाग्यविधाता
पंजाब सिन्धु गुजरात मराठा
द्राविड़ उत्कल बंगा
विन्ध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा
उच्छल जलधि तरंगा
तव शुभ नामे जागे
तव शुभ आशीष मागे
गाहे तव जयगाथा

जन गण मंगलदायक जय हे
भारत भाग्यविधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे
जय जय जय जय हे!

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Romanized Hindi:

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Tava shubha name jage,
Tava shubha asisa mange,
Gahe tava jaya gatha,
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!

English Translation:

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Shindhu,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bangla;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganges and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Ocean.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
victory forever.

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About Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. Professionally, he has got Masters in Robotics and currently works in the field of technical research in hi-tech industry in Germany. His passion for Indian culture and writing in particular, has motivated him to share technical and cultural blogs on various websites. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 300 blogs on various facet of his motherland, India and his language, Hindi. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.

7 Responses to “Jana Gana Mana – The National Anthem of India”

  1. Parvathi 26 August 2012 at 2:30 pm #

    Great post about our National Anthem. Thanks for sharing.

  2. vishnu 15 May 2013 at 1:03 pm #

    Thanks, but what about the other 4 stanzas out of 5??.Awaiting egerly


  3. Nitin Kumar 16 May 2013 at 4:48 pm #

    Namaste Vishnuji,

    Other 4 stanzas are not part of the national anthem of India.


  4. poonam 7 August 2013 at 4:29 pm #

    can i have meaning of national anthem in hindi not in english.

  5. anokhishah 28 November 2013 at 10:36 am #

    why is it that there is only one stanza out of 5 pls write the other four in hindi 2

  6. Nitin Kumar 28 November 2013 at 8:13 pm #

    @anokhishah: Because other 4 stanza are not part of Indian national anthem.

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