Indian classical music is very diverse and distinct in the whole world. It uses variety of musical instruments to achieve this feat. Hindi film industry incorporates Indian classical music in their sound tracks.
I have made a post on some of the stringed musical instruments which are used quite prominently in Indian classical music.
1. वीणा (Veena)
Veena is an ancient musical instrument of India which are described in the ancient Indian texts. There are different types of Veena which are available with fret or without fret on the neck. It is a plucked string instrument.
2. सारंगी (Sarangi)
Sarangi is a bowed, short-necked string instrument of India which find its roots in Rajasthani folk music. It is said that Sarangi, if played well, can resemble the sound of the human voice as its sound is able to imitate vocal ornaments.
3. सितार (Sitar)
Sitar is very famous and quite well known in the world. The sitar is a plucked stringed instrument which produces its sweet, textured and high pitched sound.
4. सरूद (Sarod)
The sarod is a plucked stringed musical instrument which produces a deep, heavy and introspective sound
It is a fretless instrument so there is continuous slide between notes. This instrument, along with Sitar, is the most famous instrument from Indian classical music. Personally, this is my favorite musical instrument.
5. तंपुरा (Tanpura)
Tanpura or Tambura is a drone instrument. It is a long-necked plucked lute which has four to six strings. This is used to provide the background resonance of basic notes to other Indian classical music instruments such as Sitar, Sarod or other.