Prepositions in Hindi

Posted on 19. Aug, 2012 by in Hindi Language

Preposition in Hindi is called संबंध बोधक (Sanbandha Bodhak). Prepositions are important as they join the various part of the sentences (noun, pronouns etc) to form a logical sentence.

Prepositions in Hindi are of 10 types. Let me show you these types with the pronunciation scheme as well as their English translation.

1. काल वाचक (Kaal Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of time.

आगे (Aage – Ahead), पीछे (Piche – Behind), पूर्व (Purv – Before), बाद (Baad – After), पहले (Pehle – Before)

2. स्थान वाचक (Sthan Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of place.

ऊपर (Uppar – Above), नीचे (Niche – Below), बाहर (Baahar – Outside), भीतर (Bhitar – Inside), पास (Paas – Near), निकट (Nikat – Near), दूर (Dur – Far)

3. दिशा वाचक (Disha Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of direction.

सामने (Saamanay – In front), ओर (Aor – Toward), तरफ (Taraf – Toward), आर-पार (Aar-paar – Across), आस-पास (Aas – Paas- Nearby), पार (Paar – Across)

4. साधन वाचक (Saadhan Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of medium of action.

द्वारा (Dwara – Through), बलबूते (Balbute – Through), कारण (Kaaran – Reason), मारे (Maare – For), हेतु (Hetu – For), जरिए (Jariye – Through), सहारे (Sahaare – Support)

5. समता वाचक (Samata Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of likeness between noun, pronoun and verbs.

समान (Samaan – Equal), तरह (Tarah – likewise), भांति (Bhaanti – likewise), बराबर (Baraabar – Equal), योग्य (Yogy – Apposite), ऐसा (Esa – like/likewise), जैसा (Jaisa – likewise)

6. विरोध वाचक (Viraudh Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of opposition between noun, pronoun and verbs.

विपरीत (Viprit – Opposite), उल्टा (Ulta – opoosite), विरूद्ध (Virudh – Opposed)

7. हेतु वाचक (Hetu Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of purpose.

लिए (liye – For), सिवा (Siva – short of)

8. सहचर वाचक (Sahachar Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of companionship.

संग (Sang – With), साथ (Sath – With), भर (Bhar – Around), मात्र (Maatr – Only)

9. संग्रह वाचक (Sangrah Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of compilation.

तक (Tak – Until/to), भर (Bhar – Complete), समेत (Samaet – Including)

10. तुलना वाचक (Tulana Vaachak)
These prepositions give us the indication of comparison.

अपेक्षा (Apeksha – Than), आगे (Aage – Ahead), सामने (Saamanay – vis-a-vis)

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About Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering.Currently, He is works in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish and Chinese, Japanese and Russian. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with it. He has been working with Transparent Language in 2010 and since then has written over 350 blogs on various topics on India, its culture, Hindi language and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.

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