Prepositions in Hindi

Posted on 19. Aug, 2012 by in Hindi Language

Preposition in Hindi is called संबंध बोधक (Sanbandha Bodhak). Prepositions are important as they join the various part of the sentences (noun, pronouns etc) to form a logical sentence.

Prepositions in Hindi are of 10 types. Let me show you these types with the pronunciation scheme as well as their English translation.

1. काल वाचक (Kaal Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of time.

आगे (Aage – Ahead), पीछे (Piche – Behind), पूर्व (Purv – Before), बाद (Baad – After), पहले (Pehle – Before)

2. स्थान वाचक (Sthan Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of place.

ऊपर (Uppar – Above), नीचे (Niche – Below), बाहर (Baahar – Outside), भीतर (Bhitar – Inside), पास (Paas – Near), निकट (Nikat – Near), दूर (Dur – Far)

3. दिशा वाचक (Disha Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of direction.

सामने (Saamanay – In front), ओर (Aor – Toward), तरफ (Taraf – Toward), आर-पार (Aar-paar – Across), आस-पास (Aas – Paas- Nearby), पार (Paar – Across)

4. साधन वाचक (Saadhan Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of medium of action.

द्वारा (Dwara – Through), बलबूते (Balbute – Through), कारण (Kaaran – Reason), मारे (Maare – For), हेतु (Hetu – For), जरिए (Jariye – Through), सहारे (Sahaare – Support)

5. समता वाचक (Samata Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of likeness between noun, pronoun and verbs.

समान (Samaan – Equal), तरह (Tarah – likewise), भांति (Bhaanti – likewise), बराबर (Baraabar – Equal), योग्य (Yogy – Apposite), ऐसा (Esa – like/likewise), जैसा (Jaisa – likewise)

6. विरोध वाचक (Viraudh Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of opposition between noun, pronoun and verbs.

विपरीत (Viprit – Opposite), उल्टा (Ulta – opoosite), विरूद्ध (Virudh – Opposed)

7. हेतु वाचक (Hetu Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of purpose.

लिए (liye – For), सिवा (Siva – short of)

8. सहचर वाचक (Sahachar Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of companionship.

संग (Sang – With), साथ (Sath – With), भर (Bhar – Around), मात्र (Maatr – Only)

9. संग्रह वाचक (Sangrah Vaachak) :
These prepositions give us the indication of compilation.

तक (Tak – Until/to), भर (Bhar – Complete), समेत (Samaet – Including)

10. तुलना वाचक (Tulana Vaachak)
These prepositions give us the indication of comparison.

अपेक्षा (Apeksha – Than), आगे (Aage – Ahead), सामने (Saamanay – vis-a-vis)

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About Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. Professionally, he has got Masters in Robotics and currently works in the field of technical research in hi-tech industry in Germany. His passion for Indian culture and writing in particular, has motivated him to share technical and cultural blogs on various websites. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 300 blogs on various facet of his motherland, India and his language, Hindi. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.

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