Punctuation in Hindi

Posted on 30. Jun, 2011 by in Hindi Language

Do you know what kind of Punctuation symbols or marks are commonly used in Hindi?

Just like many other languages, the punctuation symbols are very important in Hindi. They help us to determine the structure and organisation of the written language as well as the intonation during reading.

Let me show you some of the common punctuation marks that are used in Hindi and how to use them.

1.   पूर्ण विराम (|) (Full Stop)

This punctuation mark comes after the end of a sentence in Hindi. It is different than English full stop/period (.) and
it is represented by a vertical bar.
Example: मैंने आज बहुत अच्छा खाना खाया था| (Today, I had a good food.)

2.  अल्प विराम (,) (Comma)

This punctuation mark is used when a sentence contain two similar clauses or a compound sentence contain similar sub-sentences. It is is used just like its English counterpart.
Examples :
a. १९, सितम्बर, १९५६ (19, September, 1956)
b. राकेश आपनी सारी सम्पति, भूमि और मन-मर्यादा खो गया| (Rakesh had lost all of his property, land and reputation)
c. वो बच्चा, जो कल रो रहा था, आज हस रहा है| (The child, who was yesterday crying, is smiling today)

3.  अर्ध विराम (;) (Semicolon)

This punctuation mark is used when sentences in compound and mixed sentences are of opposite nature, or in between similar sentences, or emphasis on particular sentences, or after the main sentence, a example sentences is given etc.
Example:
a. वो मुझे बहुत मानता भी है; वो मेरी बुराई भी करता है| (He respect me a lot; He says also bad about me)

4.  प्रशनवाचक चिन्ह (?) (Question Mark)

This punctuation mark is used after a question is asked or a doubt is shown.
Example:
a. क्या आप मेरे साथ चलेंगे? (Would you go with me?)

5. विस्मयादिवाचक चिन्ह (!) (Exclamation Mark)

This punctuation mark is used just like in English, to express surprise, happiness, anger, sigh, to address someone etc.
Examples:
a. अरे! तुम कब आये? (Hey! When did you come?)
b. सुशील! इधर आओ| (Sushil! Come Here.)

6.  निर्देशक (—) (Dash)

This punctuation mark is used after something is spoken, written or to represent a pause after name in conversation or to define a word or sentence.
Examples:
a. रमेश – तुम हिंदी पड़ते भी हो या नहीं? (Ramesh: Do you study Hindi or not?)
b. मेहनत से सब कुछ मिल सकता है| – धन-दोलत. सुख, यश आदि| (Through hard work, everything could be gained : Money, happiness, reputation etc)

7.  योजक (‐) (Hyphen)

This punctuation mark is used when there is comparison with सा, सी (like) or in opposite words pair, analogy, similar word pair etc.
Examples:
a. हाथी सा मोटा| (Fat like an Elephant)
b. कभी-कभी (Sometime)

8.  उद्धरण चिन्ह (” “) (Quotation Mark)

This punctuation mark is used when a quote is given or a particular part of written work is represented in original.
Example:
a. महात्मा गाँधी ने कहा ” सत्य ही ईश्वर है|” (Mahatma Gandhi said “Truth is God” )

9.  विवरण चिन्ह (:-) (Sign of Following)

This punctuation mark is used when further information, details, examples etc has/have to follow.
Example:
a. संज्ञा के तीन मुख्य भेद हैं जेसे :- (Noun is of three main types like : )

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About Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering.Currently, He is works in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish and Chinese, Japanese and Russian. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with it. He has been working with Transparent Language in 2010 and since then has written over 350 blogs on various topics on India, its culture, Hindi language and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.

7 Responses to “Punctuation in Hindi”

  1. karthika suresh 21 October 2012 at 6:41 am #

    very informative!!! amazing!!! but i think there are more punctuation marks. please add those too. :)

  2. sharon 1 November 2012 at 8:45 am #

    thanx a lot.it was really informative.

  3. poorvi 10 March 2013 at 9:39 am #

    this is what I really want!!!!
    but you could aad more punctuations to it

  4. akshay 27 August 2013 at 3:10 pm #

    it was very useful to teach these punctuation to my naughty brother who didnt write in his notes…… n more of this
    it was day before the exam…:p

  5. Hussain Sonu 18 March 2014 at 3:57 am #

    It’s very informative to me to teach my students. I hope I got what I want

  6. Manjeet Kaur 22 April 2014 at 4:45 am #

    Your sentence b under 2 comma heading is wrong. Plz pay attention to the spelling as well as grammar.

  7. Carlos 6 May 2014 at 8:40 am #

    Hi, I’m looking for the exact hindi phrase by Anthony DeMello, which in English is usually translated as “Nothing has changed but my attitude, therefore, everything has changed.”. I need this as accurate as possible (including punctuation). Could anybody help me?


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