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Indonesian Preposition Posted by on Jun 28, 2017 in Uncategorized

A preposition is a word which is placed before a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show its relationship with other words.

Bahasa Indonesia English
di at; in; on
ke, kepada to (use ‘kepada’ to a person)
dari from; of; since
oleh by
pada at; on
dengan with; by; by means of
untuk for; in order to

 

Meaning Bahasa English Example
Indonesia equivalent
Indicating location di in, at, on, upon Saya tinggal di Jakarta
or place I live in Jakarta
dalam in, within Dia tidak menjelaskan itu dalam suratnya.
He did not say anything about it in his letter.
Indicating movement to ke to, towards a thing or a place Ratih sudah pergi ke kantor.
Ratih has gone to work.
Indicating movement from dari from Dia menerima surat itu dari Perancis.
He received that letter from France.
Indicating that an action is directed to the person kepada to, towards a person Bingkisan itu dikirimkan kepadanya.
The parcel has been sent to him.
Indicating agent or instrument oleh by Ia dimarahi oleh ayahnya.
He was scolded by his father.
dengan by, with Ibu memotong sayuran dengan pisau.
Mother cuts vegetables with a knife.

 

Let’s Practice.

Fill in the blanks with the correct prepositions.
  1. Apa mereka tinggal _______ Surabaya?
  2. Apa Ibu mengajar  _______ universitas ini?
  3. Besok Bapak Andi pulang _______ siapa?
  4.  Anda semua belajar bahasa Indonesia _________ mana?
  5.  Anda bekerja _______ lantai berapa?
  6.  Apa Anda tinggal _______ sebelah sekolah?
  7.  Kami akan rapat _______ kamar ini besok.
  8.  Anda tinggal ______ siapa_____Virginia?
  9.  Apa Anda akan pergi ___________ Hongkong?
10.  Saya duduk _______ sebelah guru olah raga.
11.  Keluarga Pak Handoko membagikan uang __________ orang miskin.
12. Pak Joko berasal ____________ Yogyakarta.
13. Saya dibayari makan siang _________ teman saya.
14. Rahmat tidak memberitahu pernikahan dia __________ suratnya.
15. Apa buku ini ___________ saya?

 

Answer Key

  1. di
  2. di
  3. dengan
  4. di
  5. di
  6. di
  7. di
  8. dengan, di
  9. ke
  10. di
  11. kepada
  12. dari
  13. oleh
  14. dalam
  15. untuk

 

 

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About the Author:asimonoff

I’m an Indonesian language instructor, instructional material developer, reading test developer, and interpreter. I have been teaching Indonesian to adult students for 15 years, and have been teaching students from many backgrounds, such as private, military and diplomatic service employees. I’m Indonesian, but am living in the US now; my exposure to different cultures in my home country and in the US has enriched my knowledge in teaching Indonesian as a second language. I approach the teaching of the Indonesian language by developing students’ critical cultural awareness and competence. This method of teaching has been proven to be a key to the success of my students. Students become conscious of the essential role culture plays in the language.


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