The Rosetta Stone is, in my opinion, one of the greatest contributions to languages and language learning in history. Before you get to asking, I’m talking about the black granite stone you see in the picture.
What is the Rosetta Stone and why is it such a big deal? The stone itself is inscribed with a decree issued at Memphis in 196 BC on behalf of King Ptolemy V that established the divine cult of the new ruler. It is inscribed with the same text in three different scripts – Egyptian hieroglyphs, Demotic script, and Ancient Greek. At the time of its discovery in 1799, no-one could read the hieroglyphs – the Ancient Egyptian language had been forgotten for almost 1,800 years. But by comparing the hieroglyphs with the other inscriptions on the Rosetta stone, modern scholars were able to start translating the Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs for the first time. This led the way to reading and understanding the hieroglyphs that had been found on temple walls, pyramids, and papyrus scrolls throughout Egypt.
The stone and its translations opened the world of ancient Egyptian history and culture. We can now read their words, their thoughts, and more. On a personal note, it was in 1978 that I first learned about the Rosetta Stone, and the hieroglyphic top section really caught my attention. Thus my love and passion for learning languages began.
Learning by Comparison
The way these scholars of the early 19th century worked hard to translate the texts has shown there is a way to learn a foreign language just by comparing a foreign text with one in a known language. Want to try it? First, let me explain a little of how to do it.
There are books and websites out there that have dual texts – one in your own language and the same passage in another in the language you’re learning. First, read the text in your mother tongue to get an idea of what the information is about. Then look at the foreign language text and see if you can understand anything. Compare words and phrases to see if you can get the meaning right. Use a dictionary to confirm your understanding if you need.
Here’s something to try out, taken from a British intelligence test (Northumberland No. 1) designed by Professor Godfrey Thomson in the 1920s. In the English section, you’ll see some words in bold type. By comparing the “foreign” text and the English, can you figure out what the foreign equivalents are of the bold type?
Kuch malai. – Some cream.
Kuch puri leoge? – Will you take some cake?
Misri leoge. – Will you take sugar?
It may take a few minutes to get it, but this exercise will help you understand how the translators of the Rosetta Stone worked to figure out the texts and get them right . You can find the answers at the bottom of this post.*
Transparent Language and Comparative Learning
You can use a similar comparative translation method to learn a language with Transparent Language Online. Begin a lesson by learning vocabulary with the included Byki Express software. The Learned Items Refresh System in this program is a great help to make sure the vocabulary words stick in your memory. Here’s what they say on the website: The more you practice your language, the more you are going to learn. But what good is spending the effort and wasting the time learning an item if you’ll eventually just forget it? The Learned Items Refresh System is designed to keep that from happening. The Learned Items algorithm keeps track of when a learned, or ‘Fresh’, item becomes ‘Stale’ or is at risk of being forgotten.
When you finish practicing the vocabulary, go on to the lesson in the Transparent Language Online. Look at the text presented and see if you can recognize the words you’ve just learned in the vocabulary. Can you remember what they mean in English? You’ll be surprised how much you can read and understand already, even without looking at the translations. Trust me, the Byki software does a great job preparing you for this.
Take time to compare and contrast the languages, just like the scholars who studied the Rosetta Stone… you’ll learn a lot from your observations!
So there you have it. The Rosetta Stone opened up a whole new language to the world and changed the way languages are learned today, and with Transparent Language products, you can open up your own world to new languages, cultures, and friends
* Challenge Answers: Some= kuch, cake = puri, Will you take = leoge