Archive for 'Latin Language'

Getting the Genitive

Posted on 29. Jul, 2015 by in Latin Language

The genitive is one of my favorite cases. I feel it is one of the easiest cases to explain and learn!

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ADJECTIVAL USES:

  • (1) POSSESSIVE GENITIVE: “belonging to” “owned by”
  • periculum belli, coniuratio Catilinae (Conspiracy of Catiline)
  • (2) SUBJECTIVE GENITIVE: with a verbal noun (gerund) or a noun implying activity.
  • The AUTHOR OF THE ACTIVITY (In some grammars, this is seen as a special subdivision of the possessive genitive, an extension of the literal idea into the realm of responsibility).
  • metus hostium (`fear on the part of the enemy’ The enemy fear us.) coniuratio Catilinae
  • (3) OBJECTIVE GENITIVE denotes the object of the activity implied by a noun or adjective: metus hostium (`fear of the enemy’: We fear the enemy)
  • (4) PARTITIVE GENITIVE ) may denote the larger whole, from which something is derived; or of which something forms a part. This is often found with the indefinite noun. pars Galliae, satis sapientiae, nihil horum
  • (5) GENITIVE OF DEFINITION (Genitive of Material)  may define a common noun by giving a particular example of things belonging to that class:exemplum iustitiae “the example of justice”
  • (6) GENITIVE OF DESCRIPTION (Genitive of quality)  may describe a person or thing, by indicating size or measure (this is sometimes separately called `genitive of measure’); or by indicating some distinctive quality. vir magni ingeni(i) “a very talented man”
  • (7) GENITIVE OF VALUE and of price (though it may be adverbial in fact)

ADVERBIAL USES:

  • (1) With certain verbs: memini, obliviscor `remembering, forgetting, reminding’ (e.g.: memento mei)
  • (2) After utor, fruor, fungor, potior, vescor, opus est (Wheelock, p. 164)
  • potior, potiri “to gain power over” potitus rerum [“having gained control over public affairs”]
  • (3) After verbs meaning “to fill” (and adjectives of similar meaning, plenus aranearum)
  • (4) With verbs meaning “to pity”: taedet me vitae “I am bored with living.”
  • (5) With verbs denoting a judicial procedure: “accuse of” (genitive of the crime”) “charge someone with” “acquit someone of”

*Information has been taken from Latin textbooks, online resources, and youtube.

10 AMAZING Latin Posts for the Latinist

Posted on 08. Jul, 2015 by in Latin Language

From the last two years as a Latin blogger I wanted to take this opportunity to go over my top 10 posts regarding Latin words, phrases, and quotes.

 

1.25 Latin Phrases Every Student Should Know

2.Latin: Love Quotes & How to write a love letter

3.Latin Profanity

4.Abbreviations in Latin

5.Popular Movie Quotes in Latin

6.Latin Facebook Challenge

7.Conversational Latin

8.200 Latin Roots

9. Popular Quotes Translated into Latin

10. 100 Most Common Latin Words

 

I hope you enjoy these and I look forward to next week’s post.

5 Latin Dinosaur Names

Posted on 24. Jun, 2015 by in Latin Language

In the spirit of the Jurassic World, I wanted to do a post on dinosaurs!

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The world of dinosaurs is vast and overwhelming! They are tons of dinosaurs and all of them have different names!

However, most of the names are in Greek, but there are a few in Latin.  Dinosaur comes from the Greek words δεινός (deinos, meaning “terrible,” “potent,” or “fearfully great”) and σαῦρος(sauros, meaning “lizard” or “reptile”).

T. Rex

T. Rex

1. Tyrannosaurus (/tɨˌrænəˈsɔrəs/ or /tˌrænəˈsɔrəs/ (“tyrant lizard”, from the Ancient Greek tyrannos (τύραννος), “tyrant”, and sauros(σαῦρος), “lizard”[1])) is a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaur. The species Tyrannosaurus rex (rex meaning “king” in Latin), commonly abbreviated to T. rex, is one of the most well-represented of the large theropods.

Avimimus

Avimimus

2. Avimimus (/ˌvɨˈmməs/ ay-vi-my-məs), meaning “bird mimic” (Latin avis = bird + mimus = mimic), was a genus of bird-likemaniraptoran dinosaur that lived in the late Cretaceous in what is now Mongolia, around 70 million years ago.

Spinosaurus

Spinosaurus

3. Spinosaurus (meaning “spine lizard” from the Latin spino meaning thorn or backbone) is a genus of theropod dinosaur that lived in what now is North Africa, during the lower Albianto lower Cenomanian stages of the Cretaceous period, about 112 to 97 million years ago.

Velociraptor

Velociraptor

4. Velociraptor ( meaning “swift seizer” from the Latin velocitas meaning swift/speedy and raptor meaning robber or plunderer) is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur that lived approximately 75 to 71 million years ago during the later part of the Cretaceous Period.

Saltopus

Saltopus

5. Saltopus (“hopping foot” Latin: Salto meaning leaping and pod/pos meaning foot) is a genus of very small bipedal dinosauriforms containing the single species S. elginensis from the late Triassic period of Scotland.