Tag Archives: Latin grammar

Latin Profanity: How to Swear in Latin

Posted on 13. Jan, 2015 by in Latin Language

Salvete Omnes,

With the beginning of the New Year, I know many people have started about learning a language for a resolutions.  While last week’s post discussed the top ten posts to help inspire and teach the language to beginners.

images

Courtesy of Mememaker.

WARNING: This post is not for the faint hearted. Romans were swearing and cursing in literature, poetry, and graffiti at the beginning of Western Civilizations. Since profanities are informal (and should not be used in public) and more often spoken than in literature, it is worthwhile to note several written sources of Latin profanity:

Courtesy of ecards.

Courtesy of ecards.

  • The satirical poets (Catullus and Martial) use the words in literary texts.
  • The orator and lawyer Cicero’s Epistulae ad Familiares (“Letters to My Friends”) confirm the “profane” or “obscene” status of many Latin words.
  • Graffiti from the Roman period, scrawled notably on the walls of Pompeii and Herculaneum.  We have a post on entitled: Ten Ancient Roman Graffiti Inscriptions.

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BASIC CURSE WORDS: EXCLAMATIONS!

  • “faex” – sh*t
  • “cane” – bitch (this is actually referring to a dog, however, and not the female derogatory)
  • “deodamnatus” – dammit
  • “Irrumator” – Bastard
  • “Bovis stercus” – Bull sh*t
  • “Lupa” – Slut
  • “Leno” – Pimp

BASIC SAYINGS:

  • filius canis” – son of a b**ch (literally ‘son of a dog’)
  • “futuere” – get f**ked
  • “futue te ipsi” – f**k you
  • “ede faecam” – eat sh*t
  • “Flocci non faccio” – I don’t give a damn
  • “Stercus accidit” – Sh*t happens

SWEAR WORDS & INSULTS:

  • “Es stultior asino” – You are dumber than an a**
  • “Es scortum obscenus vilis” – You are a vile, perverted whore
  • “Te futueo et caballum tuum” – Screw you and the horse you rode in on
  • “Es mundus excrementi” – You are a pile of sh*t
  • “Es stercus!”  You sh*t!
  • “Moecha Putida” – Dirty slut
  • “Podex perfectus es” – You’re a complete a**hole
  • “Potes meos suaviari clunes” – You can kiss my a**.
  • “Futue te ipsum!” – Go f*ck yourself!
  • “Perite” – F*ck off!
  • “Vacca stulta” – You stupid cow
  • fututus et mori in igni” – f**k off and die in a fire
  • “Vescere bracis meis” – Eat my shorts
  • “Morologus es!” – You’re talking like a moron!
  • “Puto vos esse molestissimos” – I think that you are very annoying
  • “Qualem blennum!” – What a doofus!
  • “Qualem muleirculam!” – What a bimbo

Funny Insults:

Mater tua tam obesa est ut cum Romae est urbs habet octo colles!
Your mama is so fat when she goes to Rome it has 8 hills!

New Year’s Resolutions: Learn Latin!

Posted on 07. Jan, 2015 by in Latin Language

2015 has begun! Hopefully you have decided on what your New Year’s Resolutions are going to be, but if not I may try to persuade you that learning Latin (or some basic Latin) may be an awesome one to add!

A generated meme created at Philosoraptor

A generated meme created at Philosoraptor

I have listed below the top 10 posts that I believe will inspire you to learn Latin, aid you in learning it, and give you the beginning tools to pursue the language.

WHY YOU SHOULD STUDY LATIN:

Courtesy of Memegenerator.com

Courtesy of Memegenerator.com

Famous People who studied Latin

So You Want to Learn Latin: Keep Calm and Read On!

Is there any advantage to learning Latin

BASICS OF LATIN:

A great way of showing children Latin within literature.

A great way of showing children Latin within literature.

Abbreviations in Latin

Conversational Latin

Awesome Resources (the Basics) of Latin

INTENSIVE GRAMMAR:

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Gerund vs. Gerundive

Unraveling the Dark Side of the Subjunctive

LATIN TRANSLATION FUN:

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15 Popular Movie Quotes Translated into Latin

How to Write a Love Letter in Latin

 

I do hope you found these inspirational and helpful. If at all there is any subject you would like to see written on, please comment!

Learning Latin Basics: Lesson II

Posted on 10. Dec, 2014 by in Latin Language

Salvete Omnes,

We have much to cover today! We are going to review the 1st and 2nd Conjugations and Declensions along with some sentence work.

 

 VERBS

1st Conjugation “Amo= I love”

1st s.= amo  “ I love, I do love, I am loving”

2nd s.= amas “You love”

3rd s.= amat “He loves, She love, It loves”

1st pl.=amamus “We love”

2nd pl.=amatis “You (plural) love)”

3rd pl.=amant “ They love”

  • One indicator of a 1st conjugation verb is the before the stem (which is underlined) there is usually an “a” in other forms. However, there is just an “o” ending in the 1st s. form.

2nd Conjugation “Habeo= I have”

1st s.= habeo “I have”

2nd s.= habes “You have”

3rd s.= habet “He has, She has, It has”

1st pl.= habemus “We have”

2nd pl.= habetis “You (plural) have”

3rd pl. =habent “They have”

  • As with the 1st conjugation and the “a” indicator, the 2nd conjugation will have an “e” in its 1st s. form.

Conjugate Exercise:

  1. Celo (1st conjugation)
  2. Timeo (2nd conjugation)
  3. Porto(1st conjugation)
  4. Habeo(2nd conjugation)
  5. Sum (Irregular Cojugation)**

**If you have already forgotten how to conjugate sum, take a look at last week’s post!

 

NOUNS

Nouns in Latin, unlike in English, change depending on the role in a sentence. By change, I mean, that the endings on the noun will change to either a nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative (or vocative and locative- which aren’t used as much).

 

1st Declension is the declension to refer to nouns that “decline” to the following forms; which are usually feminine (99% of the time):

aqua, –ae water f. (feminine)
Singular Plural
Nominative aqua –a aquae –ae
Accusative aquam –am aquās –ās
Genitive aquae –ae aquārum –ārum
Dative aquae –ae aquīs –īs
Ablative aquā –ā aquīs –īs
     

If you noticed that most of endings have an “a” in them. [Sorta reminds you of the 1st conjugation verbs with the “a” stem.]

2nd Declension is the declension to refer to nouns that “decline” to the following forms; which are usually masculine (99% of the time):

dominus, –ī master m. (masculine)
Singular Plural
Nominative dominus –us dominī –ī
Accusative dominum –um dominōs –ōs
Genitive dominī –ī dominōrum –ōrum
Dative dominō –ō dominīs –īs
Ablative dominō –ō dominīs –īs
  

Notes on Declensions:

If you noticed that the endings do not have a common vowel, but in comparison to the 1st Declension- it is similar except for the “a” being replaced” with “u” in the singular, “o” in the plural and “ae” [mostly] replaced with “i.”

Please do not be thrown off or worried that the dative and ablative plural in the 1st and 2nd declension are the same. It is important simply to familiarize yourself with these forms.

 

Also did you notice that when these nouns were written out; they looked like: “dominus, -i” and “ aqua, -ae?” This is to show the Nominative singular form and then the ending to the Genitive singular form. This will assist in providing which declension a noun is since (“-us & -i” endings are clearly 2nd declension while “-a & -ae” are clearly 1st declension).

 

Nominative & Accusative:

The nominative case is used for the subject in a sentence. The accusative is the direct object of the sentence:

I love cats. I= nominative, love= verb, cats= accusative.

Are you following so far? Let’s look at some Latin.

 

Vocabulary:

Filia, -ae =daughter             timeo= I am afraid, I fear             voco= I call

Serua, -ae= slave-woman     et= and                                    aula, -ae=pot

Seruus, -i= slave-man        ego= I                                      thesaurus, -i= treasure

Coquus,-i=cook                 tu= you                                            amo= I love

te= you (accusative)           me=me                                   habeo= I have

Exercise:

  1. filiam coqui vocant.
  2. The slave-women are afraid.
  3. thesauros ego amat.
  4. Seruas et Seruos Filae habent.
  5. You have a pot.
  6. serua timet seruos.
  7. The cook loves the female-slave.
  8. ego et tu habent aulas.
  9. The daughter calls you and me.
  10. filia amat seruum, et seruum amat seruam.

 

 

 

Answer:

  1. The cooks call the daughter
  2. timent seruae
  3. I love treasures.
  4. The daughter has slave-men and slave-women.
  5. habes aulam OR habetis aulam.
  6. The slave woman fears the slave-men.
  7. coquus seruam amat.
  8. You and I have pots.
  9. te et me filia vocat.
  10. The daughter loves the slave-man, and the slave-man loves the slave-woman.

 

NEXT WEEK:

Does anyone have any request? If not I have a few surprises up my sleeve!