Tag Archives: Latin language

Ancient Vesuvius Scrolls Read with X-Ray

Posted on 31. Mar, 2016 by in Roman culture

In the recent news, scientist and historians are working together to attempt to read some the ancient scrolls preserved by Vesuvius.

Mt_Vesuvius_79_AD_eruption_3_svg

For those of you who do not know the story of Pompeii and Herculaneum: Check out some previous blogs (here and here)! So, for the short and sweet version, two entire cities were well preserved in ash which means artifacts and people were preserved.

ANCIENT SCROLLSPompeii_Garden_of_the_Fugitives_02

“The papyri have been burnt, so there is not
a huge difference between the paper and the ink,” Mocella told Live Science. That made it impossible to decipher the words written in the documents.

Papyrus discovered at the Villa of the Papyri. Courtesy of WikiCommons.

Papyrus discovered at the Villa of the Papyri. Courtesy of WikiCommons.

Though eventually metallic inks made their way into the mix, it was assumed that this happened well after 79 AD. But when the scientists took fragments of the scrolls and put them in a particle accelerator, the technique revealed quite a lot of lead in the ink. Lead is something that X-rays, if sensitive enough and calibrated the right way, can pick up on. The scientists have plans to X-ray the scrolls in Naples this year. This method has left many historians hopeful for the potential information and even library under the Villa of Papyri.

Villa of the Papyri.Courtesy of WikiCommons & Eirk Anderson

Villa of the Papyri.Courtesy of WikiCommons & Eirk Anderson

For more information and news, check it out here.

Make an Ancient Roman Dessert..I Challenge You

Posted on 04. Feb, 2016 by in Latin Language, Roman culture

Salvete Omnes,

Oh how I have missed writing! I am sorry that I have written in a while, but I’m back. Today we are going to ease back into the Roman world and Latin. I am trying something new for 2016. I will be posting bucketlist post every once in a while to inform readers and followers of unique things they can do to really live up 2016!

Today, February 3, is also National Carrot Cake Day! So, I decided that today’s blog should be one about a dessert.

SO I CHALLENGE YOU…….

The following recipe is from Apicius’ De re coquinaria (“On the Subject of Cooking”)

The Apicius manuscript (ca. 900 CE) of the monastery of Fulda in Germany, which was acquired in 1929 by the New York Academy of Medicine

The Apicius manuscript (ca. 900 CE) of the monastery of Fulda in Germany, which was acquired in 1929 by the New York Academy of Medicine

Patina  de piris* [ Pan/Stew/Cake of Pears; literally pan /stew/cake from pears]

Pear Mosaic

Pear Mosaic

Pira elixa et purgata e medio teres** cum pipere, cumino, melle, passo, liquamine, oleo modico. Ovis missis patinam facies**, piper super aspargis**et inferes**.

Boiled pears and having been purged or cleaned from its middle (i.e seeds, pit, etc.) you will grind with pepper, cumin, honey , wine, broth, and a little oil. Having been mixed with eggs, you will make a pan/stew/cake, spread or sprinkle with pepper and serve.

*piris is an ablative as evident from de, but it could be debated the type of ablative. Ablative of origin, source, means, etc.

** Great examples of the 2nd singular future that you don’t see that often, but this make sense for a directions. It is interesting that it isn’t an imperative.

Thoughts:

Well, in all honestly, this is more like a custard or pudding made out of pears. While this recipe is very simple, but it doesn’t say anything about cooking, time, amounts, etc.. That doesn’t really work well for our modern day thinking…so I have provided everyone with a up-to-date recipe (here) with directions.

 

Monthly Latin Spotlight Text: Aeneid

Posted on 21. Oct, 2015 by in Latin Language, Roman culture

Name: Aeneid (Latin:)

Also Known As:  N/A

Date: 29 B.C.E and 19 B.C.E

Author(s): Publius Vergilius Maro

Depiction of Virgil, 3rd century AD .Courtesy of WikiCommons, Giorces, Mattes.

Depiction of Virgil, 3rd century AD
.Courtesy of WikiCommons, Giorces, Mattes.

Type of Text: Epic Poem

Genre: Latin Epic Poetry, Mythology, Foundation Story,

Content: A foundation story similar to Iliad and Odyssey that highlights the adventures and journeys of the Greco-Roman hero Aeneid. The piece is thought to be part of Augustan propaganda to the greatness of Rome and the Julio-Claudian family.

Type of Latin:  Classical Latin

Distinguishing Features: (1). It comprises 9,896 lines in dactylic hexameter. (2). The Aeneid is a cornerstone of the Western canon, and early (at least by the 2nd century AD) became one of the essential elements of a Latin education, usually required to be memorized.

Where is it today:

There are no original surviving copies.

The Vergilius Vaticanus (Cod. Vat. lat. 3225, also known as the Vatican Virgil) is a manuscript containing fragments of Virgil’s Aeneid and Georgics made in Rome in about 400. It is one of the oldest surviving copies of the text.

 

In Pop Culture:

The Opera- Dido & Aeneas by Purcell.

YouTube Preview Image

On a personal note, I was writing a play adaptation of the Aeneid set in a post-apocalyptic time period.

Translation:

Latin:

Aeneid by Virgil in Latin (here).

English:

Aeneid by Virgil in English (here).