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ALS ice bucket challenge? A little more about it in Polish

Posted on 22. Aug, 2014 by in Countries, Culture, Media, Medicine

If you are on the social media (and probably 95 % of us are) you most likely heard about ALS bucket challenge.  Almost all of social media pages have been deluged lately with videos and pictures of friends, family and random celebrities dumping buckets of ice-cold water over their heads.

The ALS Ice Bucket Challenge (literally “wyzwanie wiadra lodu” ) began as a way to raise money and awareness for ALS research. It’s taking the entire nation by storm. The ALS challenge itself is an easy enough thing to do: If a friend takes the challenge, challenges you to do the same in a video and then tags you in it on social media, you have either 24 hours to do it yourself or donate $100 to an ALS charity of your choice.

The trend shows no signs of abating (Trend nie wykazuje żadnych oznak osłabienia) as more and more people take the challenge, post videos of it on Facebook and other social media sites, then challenge and tag others to do the same.

The National ALS Association said that it and its affiliated chapters had received more than $10 million in donations in a two-week period since the movement began to take off in late July.

What is ALS?

Every 90 minutes someone is diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive neurodegenerative disease that causes muscle weakness, paralysis, and ultimately, respiratory failure. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (stwardnienie zanikowe boczne),  often referred to as “Lou Gehrig’s Disease,” (choroba Lou Gehriga) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord (jest postępującą chorobą neurodegeneracyjną, która wpływa na komórki nerwowe w mózgu i rdzeniu kręgowym). Motor neurons reach from the brain to the spinal cord and from the spinal cord to the muscles throughout the body. The progressive degeneration of the motor neurons in ALS eventually leads to their death. When the motor neurons die, the ability of the brain to initiate and control muscle movement is lost (Po śmierci motoneuronów, zdolność mózgu do inicjowania i kontrolowania ruchu mięśni zanika). With voluntary muscle action progressively affected, patients in the later stages of the disease may become totally paralyzed (sparaliżowani).

A-myo-trophic comes from the Greek language. “A” means no or negative. “Myo” refers to muscle, and “Trophic” means nourishment–“No muscle nourishment.” (Nie odżywianie mięśni) When a muscle has no nourishment, it “atrophies” or wastes away. “Lateral” identifies the areas in a person’s spinal cord where portions of the nerve cells that signal and control the muscles are located. As this area degenerates it leads to scarring or hardening (blizny lub stwardnienie) - “sclerosis”- in the region. Early symptoms of ALS often include increasing muscle weakness (zwiększenie osłabienia mięśni), especially involving the arms and legs, speech, swallowing or breathing.

Although the cause of ALS is not completely understood (Chociaż przyczyna ALS nie jest w pełni zrozumiała), the recent years have brought a wealth of new scientific understanding regarding the physiology of this disease.

Most people with ALS live 2-5 years after their first signs of disease. About 10% of people with ALS survive at least 10 years. This variable rate of disease progression makes prognosis difficult to predict and therapies challenging to develop.

While there is not a cure or treatment (lekarstwo lub leczenie) today that halts or reverses ALS, there is one FDA approved drug (FDA zatwierdzony lek), riluzole, that modestly slows the progression of ALS as well as several other drugs in clinical trials that hold promise (kilka innych leków w badaniach klinicznych, które dają obietnicę). This urgent unmet medical need for effective treatments for this devastating and fatal disease is the basis for the research and drug development effort at the nonprofit biotech organization, ALS Therapy Development Institute.

Importantly, there are significant devices and therapies that can manage the symptoms (istnieją istotne urządzenia i terapie, które mogą kontrolować objawy) of ALS that help people maintain as much independence as possible and prolong survival. It is important to remember that ALS is a quite variable disease; no two people will have the same journey or experiences.

“Ice bucket challenge” has been definitely popular in USA, however, it becomes popular in Europe as well and everyone talks about it! It’s also known as “splash” in Europe:)

Here is my ice bucket challenge! I nominate Lorien Green, Meaghan McGonagle, as well as all language bloggers from Transparent Language team! You have 24 hours to complete the challenge, or donate $100 to ALS organization.

Tutaj jest moje wyzwanie wiadra lodu (splash). Nominuję Lorien Green, Meaghan McGonagle oraz wszystkich blogerów językowych z naszej ekipy Transparent Language. Macie 24 godziny aby wypełnić wyzwanie, lub przekazać 100 dolarów do organizacji ALS.

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Do następnego razu… (Till next time…)

 

Shark week 2014 – my daughter’s favorite show this week!

Posted on 17. Aug, 2014 by in Animals, Nature

What do you think I have been watching for the past week on the Discovery Channel? Shark week (tydzień rekinów) of course! Very informative, amazing, scary…and my daughters (although at times it probably wasn’t appropriate for 2 and 5 years old…) loved it too! They learned a lot and I have to say that I was amazed by some of the facts and different informations about sharks.

This gave me an idea to write a quick post about the subject…Today let’s talk Polish about sharks (rekiny)!

There are more than 465 known species of sharks (Istnieje ponad 465 znanych gatunków rekinów) living in our oceans today. Sharks are an apex predator (apeks drapieżnik) at or near the top of their marine food chains, and they regulate the populations of species below them. Research has shown that massive depletion of sharks (ogromne zubożenie rekinów) has cascading effects throughout the ocean’s ecosystems (ekosystemy oceanów).

Sharks (Rekiny) belong to a family of fish that have skeletons made of cartilage (szkielety wykonane z chrząstki), a tissue more flexible and lighter than bone. They breathe (oddychają) through a series of five to seven gill slits (szczeliny skrzelowe) located on either side of their bodies. All sharks have multiple rows of teeth (liczne rzędy zębów), and while they lose teeth on a regular basis, new teeth continue to grow in and replace those they lose.

Shark ‘skin’ is made up of a series of scales (łuski) that act as an outer skeleton for easy movement and for saving energy in the water. The upper side of a shark is generally dark to blend in with the water from above and their undersides are white or lighter colored to blend in with the lighter surface of the sea from below. This helps to camouflage them from predators and prey (To pomaga ukryć je przed drapieżnikami i zdobyczą).

There are many species of sharks found in the oceans around the world.Some of them are very big while others are quite small. Some of them are to be feared while others mind their own business and they are very calm. You may be surprised to learn some of the largest species of sharks in the ocean are the nicest ones to encounter (niektóre z największych gatunków rekinów w oceanie są najmilsze w spotkaniu).

Here are some most popular sharks:

Great white shark - Żarłacz Biały

Tiger shark - Żarłacz/rekin Tygrysi

Whale shark - Rekin Wielorybi

Bull shark - Żarłacz Tępogłowy

Hammerhead shark – Rekin Młot

Goblin shark – Rekin Goblin

Blue shark - Żarłacz Błękitny

Lemon shark – Rekin Cytrynowy

Basking shark - Żarłacz Olbrzymi

Megamouth shark – Megamouth Rekin

Image by bryan scott photography on Flickr.com

Image by bryan scott photography on Flickr.com

Did you know that the film “Jaws” — though heavily fictionalized — was based on a real incident in 1916, where four people were killed by a shark off the coast of New Jersey?

Do następnego razu… (Till next time…)

What is friendship? How can you describe friendship in Polish?

Posted on 13. Aug, 2014 by in Phrases, Polish Language, Vocabulary

A good friend (dobry przyjaciel) might be someone who provides support (ktoś, kto zapewnia wsparcie) when times are tough, or someone you can rely on (ktoś, na kim możesz polegać) to celebrate a special moment with you.

You might see them every day, once a year, or less. Or you might hardly see them, but keep in touch via telephone, email, or online.

Image by EJP Photo on Flickr.com

Image by EJP Photo on Flickr.com

Friends (przyjaciele) might come and go, they might make you laugh and cry, but most importantly of all, they love you for who you are (kochają cię za to, kim jesteś). It doesn’t matter what a person looks like or what kind of clothes they wear, but it’s what’s on the inside that counts and your friends should know that about you.

Likewise, having friends means you’ve a responsibility to be there for them too, even when the going gets tough.

Who is a good friend?

A person who:

✺ you can trust and won’t judge you (Osoba, której możesz ufać  i nie będzie Cię oceniać)
✺ won’t deliberately hurt your feelings, but will show kindness and respect (Osoba, która nie będzie celowo ranić twoich uczuć, ale pokaże dobroć i szacunek)
✺ will love you not because they feel he/she has to, but because he/she chooses to (Osoba, która nie będzie cię kochać, bo czuje, że musi, ale dlatego, że taki jest jej wybór)
✺ you can depend on, who is loyal and whose company you enjoy (Osoba, na której możesz polegać, która jest wierna i której towarzystwo lubisz)
✺ will be there no matter what your situation is (Osoba, która będzie przy tobie bez względu na sytuację)
✺ is trustworthy and not afraid to tell you the truth, no matter how hard it is sometimes (Osoba, która jest godna zaufania i nie boi się powiedzieć prawdy, bez względu na to, jak trudne to jest czasami)
✺ can laugh when you laugh (osoba, która potrafi się śmiać z tobą)
✺ will cry when you cry (osoba, która będzie płakać kiedy ty płaczesz)
✺ makes you smile (osoba, która sprawi że się uśmiechniesz)
✺ accepts you for who you are, and lend you an ear when you need to whine or complain (Osoba, która przyjmie cię za to, kim jesteś, i wysłucha, kiedy chcesz narzekać)

Here are few quotes about friendship:

“It is not a lack of love, but a lack of friendship that makes unhappy marriages.”
Friedrich Nietzsche

(To nie brak miłości, ale brak przyjaźni, czyni małżeństwa nieszczęśliwymi)

“The truth is, everyone is going to hurt you. You just got to find the ones worth suffering for.”
Bob Marley

(Prawda jest taka, że każdy cię zrani. Musisz tylko znaleźć takie osoby, które są warte cierpienia)

“Life is an awful, ugly place to not have a best friend.”
Sarah Dessen

(Życie jest okropnym, brzydkim miejscem, aby nie mieć najlepszego przyjaciela)

Do następnego razu… (Till next time…)