Archive for 'Spanish Vocabulary'

Talking About The Time In Spanish

Posted on 15. Apr, 2014 by in Spanish Vocabulary, Uncategorized

You may already know how to tell the time in Spanish so today I’m going to teach you more expressions that may not appear in your textbook,

Remember, it is very important that you learn fixed expressions and not translate word by word. This will make you more fluent in the long run.

Here we go!

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en una hora más – an hour from now
de las diez a las once – from ten to eleven o´clock
hace una hora – an hour ago
todo el día – all day long
toda la noche – all night long
bien temprano – really early
bien tarde – really late
a la mañana / de mañana – in the morning
de mañana tempranito – early in the morning, in the wee hours of the morning
al comienzo de la tarde – in the early afternoon
al final de la tarde – in the late afternoon
al anochecer – in the early evening
de/a la noche – in the evening, at night
cuando salga el sol – when the sun comes up
cuando se ponga el sol – when the sun goes down
al amanecer – at dawn
a la puesta del sol – at sunset
en plena luz del día – in broad daylight
de madrugada / en la mitad de la noche – in the middle of the night
todos los días – every day
el día entero – all day long
día por medio – every other day
de ocho en ocho horas – every eight hours
hoy de mañana – this morning
hoy de tarde – this afternoon
hoy de noche – tonight, this evening
mañana de mañana – tomorrow morning
mañana de tarde – tomorrow afternoon
mañana de noche – tomorrow evening, tomorrow night
anteayer – the day before yesterday

ayer de mañana – yesterday morning
ayer de tarde – yesterday afternoon
anoche – yesterday evening, last night
pasado mañana – the day after tomorrow
todos los jueves – every Thursday
los jueves – on Thursdays
de lunes a viernes – from Monday to Friday
el viernes – on Friday
este viernes – this Friday
el próximo viernes – next Friday
no este viernes, el siguiente – not this Friday but the next
los días de la semana – on weekdays
los fines de semana – on weekends
este fin de semana – this weekend
la próxima semana – next week
la semana pasada – last week
el mes pasado – last month
hace una semana – a week ago
a fin de mes – at the end of the month
a lo largo de – throughout
ahora mismo – right now
inmediatamente – immediately
así que posible – as soon as possible
lo antes que pueda – as soon as you can
hasta las diez – by 10 o´clock

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Intermediate Spanish Review Lesson 34 Different uses of Como

Posted on 15. Apr, 2014 by in Learning, Pronunciation, Spanish Grammar, Spanish Vocabulary, Videos

¡Hola! ¿Cómo estáis?

Hoy vamos a practicar los diferentes usos de la palabra Como. Today, we are going to practice the different uses of the Spanish word Como.

Answers to all tasks involved in this lesson will be given at the end of the post and you can also follow a link with this post to watch the original theory video lesson on the same topic.

To go back and watch the original video lesson please follow this link:

Intermediate theory video lesson 34

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1. Let´s see first if you understand these comparisons all using “Como”:

Mi hermano es tan alto como el tuyo.
Beber es tan malo como fumar.
No soy tan mala como tú piensas.
Mi perro no es tan agresivo como dicen.
No he comprado tantos libros como tú.

2. Next, can you translate the following comparisons from English to Spanish?

My dress is as nice as yours.
Living here is as interesting as living in London.
I haven´t got as many problems as before.
My friends are as studious as I am.
Tomorrow I am not going to eat as much as today.

3. Now I will say a sentence in Spanish using “Como” and a verb in indicative or subjunctive. Afterwards I will ask you a question in Spanish you only need you answer “Sí” or “No”:

Pedro me dijo: “Puedo hacerlo como quieras” ¿Sabía Pedro cómo lo quiero?
Ana me dijo: “Voy a hacer la salsa como a ti te gusta” ¿Sabía Ana cómo me gusta la salsa?
Silvia me dijo: “Quiero cocinar todo como me recomiendes” ¿Sabía Silvia qué le recomiendo?
Carlos me dijo: “Voy a hacer las actividades como me digas”. ¿Sabía Carlos mi explicación sobre las actividades?

4. Let´s translate now the following Spanish sentences using “Como si” and a verb in subjuntivo:

Me siento como si fuera a vomitar.
Me siento como si estuviera en una nube.
Antonio habla como si estuviera borracho.
Comes como si no hubieras comido nada en tres días.

5. Finally, I would like you to make some sentences using “Ni que”. I will give you a sentence and I would like you to create a sentence using “Ni que” related to that. For example, if I say: “María me ha dicho que no vuelva tarde a casa” You could say: “¡Ni que fuera mi madre!”:

Miguel me ha dicho que no he hecho bien la paella.
Carlota habla alemán perfectamente.
Mi compañera de trabajo siempre me dice lo que tengo que hacer.
Beatriz dice que canto mal.

This is all for today.

As you see, “Como” is a Spanish word that is used in many different situations. I hope this practice lesson has helped you to better understand and remember its various uses.

See you next time with more Spanish practice.

¡Adiós!

I hope you are enjoying my weekly interactive Spanish lessons. Follow this link for many more great resources to help you learn and practice Spanish.

Answers:

1.
My brother is as tall as yours.
Drinking is as bad as smoking.
I am not as bad as you think.
My dog is not as aggresive as they say.
I haven´t bought as many books as you.

2.
Mi vestido es tan bonito como el tuyo.
Vivir aquí es tan interesante como vivir en Londres.
No tengo tantos problemas como antes.
Mis amigos son tan estudiosos como yo.
Mañana no voy a comer tanto como hoy.

3.
No

No
No

4.
I feel as if I was going to vomit.
I feel as if I was in a cloud.
Antonio speaks as if he was drunk.
You eat as if you hadn´t eaten in three days.

5. (Possible answers)
¡Ni que fuera cocinero!
¡Ni que fuera alemana!
¡Ni que fuera mi jefa!
¡Ni que fuera cantante!

Improve Your Vocabulary: Suffixes

Posted on 11. Apr, 2014 by in Spanish Vocabulary, Uncategorized

Suffixes are word endings that change the root of such word. We can turn an adjective into a noun, a noun into an adjective, a verb into a noun, a verb into an adject and so on.

Here are some common examples.

Transformación de un adjetivo en un sustantivo

-dez: pálido [pale] – palidez [paleness]
-idad: profundo [deep] – profundidad [depth]
-itud: exacto [exact] – exactitud [accuracy]
-ura: blanco [white] – blancura [whiteness]

Transformación de un sustantivo en un adjetivo

-al: ministerio [ministery] – ministerial [ministerial]
-ar: familia [family] – familiar [familiar]
-ico: volcán [volcano] – volcánico [volcanic]
-esco: novela [novel] – novelesco [fantastic, bizarre]
-ivo: sorpresa [surprise] – sorpresivo [unexpected]
-oso: carne [meat] – carnoso [thick, fleshy]
-udo: cuerno [horn] – cornudo [horned]

Transformación de un verbo en un sustantivo

-ción: perder [to lose] – perdición [ruin, downfall]
-dero: comer [to eat] – comedero [trough]
-dor: encender [to light] – encendedor [lighter]
-mento: salvar [to save] – salvamento [rescue]
-miento: pensar [to think] – pensamiento [thought]
-torio: interrogar [to question] – interrogatorio [interrogation, questioning]

Transformación de un verbo en un adjetivo

-ble: desear [to desire] – deseable [desirable] / creer [to believe] – creíble [believable]
-dizo: resbalar [to slip] – resbaladizo [slippery] / huir [to escape] – huidizo [evasive, shy]
-dor: trabajar [to work] – trabajador [worker] / beber [to drink] – bebedor [drinker, drunkard]
-nte: estimular [to stimulate] – estimulante [stimulating] / sorprender [to surprise] – sorprendente [surprising]
-tivo: comparar [to compare] – comparativo [comparative] / competir [to compete] – competitivo [competitive]

Transformación de un sustantivo en otro sustantivo

-ano: cirugía [surgery] – cirujano [surgeon]
-al: arena [sand] – arenal [sandy area, quicksand]
-ar: pino [pine] – pinar [pine wood, pine forrest]
-aje: cortina [curtain] – cortinaje [curtains]
-ado: alumno [student] – alumnado [student body]
-era: papel [paper] – papelera [wastepaper basket]
-ero: libro [book] – librero [bookcase, bookseller]
-ario: campana [bell] – campanario [bell tower]
-dor: leña [wood] – leñador [lumberjack]

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