2015 is just about to end so it’s now time for me to bring to you a recap of our 10 Most Popular Urdu Posts of 2015:
10. Brief History of Pakistan
Pakistan (پاکستان) emerged on the world map as an independent sovereign state in August 1947, as a result of the division of the British Indian Empire. With a land area of 881,888 sq. km. [including Punjab, Sindh, Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa, Balochistan, Federal Administered Tribal Areas, Islamabad Capital Territory, Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir], its population stands at nearly 177 million (2011 estimates). Historically, this is one of the most ancient lands known to man. Its cities flourished before Babylon was built; its people practiced the art of good living and citizenship before the celebrated ancient Greeks.
9. Geo-Strategic Importance of Pakistan
The international situation of a country is inevitably influenced by the assets and liabilities of its geographic setting. Pakistan was carved in a region with a history of conflict and rivalry between the British and the expansionist designs of Soviet Union. Afghanistan acted as buffer between the two powers due to its neutrality in the post world war period. But the direct Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan in December 1979 brought an upheaval and a highly disturbing development in the region. Pakistan emerged as an area of interest for the West with change in geopolitical environment in the world.
8. Difference between Dari and Farsi
Persian is the language spoken in Iran and Afghanistan and in some other countries that had Persian cultural influences. In fact, Persian was the official language of the Muslim rulers in Indian subcontinent before the arrival of the British. Persian is also known as Dari or Farsi. In fact, Dari is the name of the language spoken by a majority of Afghan people, and it is also recognized by the Afghan government as its official language. Farsi is the language of the people of Iran, and it is also referred to as Persian language. However, many people, especially people in the western world confuse between Dari and Farsi because of their similarities.
7. Urdu 101
The Urdu alphabet has 39 basic letters and 13 extra characters, 52 all together. It is written from right to left and is closely related to the Arabic and Persian alphabets, but also contains some sounds from Sanskrit.
6. Background of Kashmir Issue between India and Pakistan
Trouble in Kashmir erupted in July 1947, when against the wishes of the popular Muslim Conference to join Pakistan, Maharaja Ghulab Singh ordered the Muslims to surrender their arms to the police. On 22 October 1947 under these circumstances a large number of tribesmen crossed the border in Kashmir to support the Kashmiri Muslims. By 24 October the tribesmen reached near Srinagar and the state capital was threatened. On the suggestion of India (انڈیا), Maharaja signed an Instrument of Accession on October 26, 1947 and the Indian troops were flown to Srinagar on 27 October crushing the Muslim uprising. Thus the first Indo-Pak war started in October 1947. On 1st January 1948 India took the issue to United Nations to seek its judgment to solve the issue. The issue of the future of the Jammu and Kashmir is very much on the agenda of the UN and there are UN resolutions that the future of Kashmir should be decided by a plebiscite.