10 Most Popular Urdu Posts of 2015 (Part 1/2)

Posted on 22. Dec, 2015 by in Uncategorized

2015 is just about to end so it’s now time for me to bring to you a recap of our 10 Most Popular Urdu Posts of 2015:

10. Brief History of Pakistan

map

Pakistan (پاکستان) emerged on the world map as an independent sovereign state in August 1947, as a result of the division of the British Indian Empire. With a land area of 881,888 sq. km. [including Punjab, Sindh, Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa, Balochistan, Federal Administered Tribal Areas, Islamabad Capital Territory, Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir], its population stands at nearly 177 million (2011 estimates). Historically, this is one of the most ancient lands known to man. Its cities flourished before Babylon was built; its people practiced the art of good living and citizenship before the celebrated ancient Greeks.

9. Geo-Strategic Importance of Pakistan

The international situation of a country is inevitably influenced by the assets and liabilities of its geographic setting. Pakistan was carved in a region with a history of conflict and rivalry between the British and the expansionist designs of Soviet Union. Afghanistan acted as buffer between the two powers due to its neutrality in the post world war period. But the direct Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan in December 1979 brought an upheaval and a highly disturbing development in the region. Pakistan emerged as an area of interest for the West with change in geopolitical environment in the world.

8. Difference between Dari and Farsi

Persian is the language spoken in Iran and Afghanistan and in some other countries that had Persian cultural influences. In fact, Persian was the official language of the Muslim rulers in Indian subcontinent before the arrival of the British. Persian is also known as Dari or Farsi. In fact, Dari is the name of the language spoken by a majority of Afghan people, and it is also recognized by the Afghan government as its official language. Farsi is the language of the people of Iran, and it is also referred to as Persian language. However, many people, especially people in the western world confuse between Dari and Farsi because of their similarities.

7. Urdu 101

URDU

The Urdu alphabet has 39 basic letters and 13 extra characters, 52 all together. It is written from right to left and is closely related to the Arabic and Persian alphabets, but also contains some sounds from Sanskrit.

6. Background of Kashmir Issue between India and Pakistan

Trouble in Kashmir erupted in July 1947, when against the wishes of the popular Muslim Conference to join Pakistan, Maharaja Ghulab Singh ordered the Muslims to surrender their arms to the police. On 22 October 1947 under these circumstances a large number of tribesmen crossed the border in Kashmir to support the Kashmiri Muslims. By 24 October the tribesmen reached near Srinagar and the state capital was threatened. On the suggestion of India (انڈیا), Maharaja signed an Instrument of Accession on October 26, 1947 and the Indian troops were flown to Srinagar on 27 October crushing the Muslim uprising. Thus the first Indo-Pak war started in October 1947. On 1st January 1948 India took the issue to United Nations to seek its judgment to solve the issue. The issue of the future of the Jammu and Kashmir is very much on the agenda of the UN and there are UN resolutions that the future of Kashmir should be decided by a plebiscite.

Urdu Basics

Posted on 21. Dec, 2015 by in Uncategorized

URDU

URDU

Urdu is a living language which, according to estimates, is spoken by close to 100 million people around the world. It is the official language of Pakistan, a status which it shares with English. It is also spoken and understood in parts of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, the Middle East, and many other countries around the world where Pakistani communities have settled.

In India, Urdu is spoken in places with large Muslim communities or cities that were once power centers of Muslim Empires. They include parts of Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Kashmir, Bhopal and Hyderabad. Some Indian schools teach Urdu as a first language and have their own syllabus and exams.  The Urdu community in the UK numbers about four hundred thousand speakers. Urdu grammar, word construction and sentence structure are very systematic; however, Urdu presents some challenges.

Urdu uses formal and informal verb forms and each noun has either masculine or feminine gender. Don’t worry if you mix things up at the beginning – as a learner you will be forgiven.

For those whose mother tongue is written from left to right, one of the challenges of learning Urdu is getting used to reading right to left. The closest relation of Urdu is Hindi. Spoken Urdu and Hindi are almost identical at the day-to-day functional level, apart from certain words. After learning Urdu, you’ll find it much easier to speak and understand Hindi but written Hindi will remain a mystery as it’s written in a different script.

Other languages written in the same script as Urdu include Pashto, Kashmiri and Panjabi, although Panjabi is also written in a script called Gurumukhi. The Urdu script is over 90% similar to the Persian and Arabic scripts as well, so learning Urdu will help you to read the Arabic and Persian alphabets. Urdu vocabulary also borrows about 40% from Arabic and Persian.

Using Urdu words in Sentences

Posted on 21. Nov, 2015 by in Uncategorized

image from www.topitideas.com

image from www.topitideas.com

English Complete payment
Urdu مکمل ادائیگی
Transliteration Mukamal Adaaigee
Sentence Complete payment is mandatory upon purchase
Translation Khareedari per mukamal adaaigee zaroori hai
 

English

 

To keep separate

Urdu علیحدہ رکھنا
Transliteration Alaihda rakhna
Sentence Chemicals must be kept separate
Translation Chemicals ko alaihda rakhna zaroori hai
 

English

 

To stay

Urdu رہنا
Transliteration Rehna
Sentence Where would you like to stay?
Translation Aap kahan rehna pasand karain ge?
 

English

 

To destroy

Urdu  تباہ کرنا
Transliteration Tabah karna
Sentence He attacked the city to destroy everything.
Translation Os ne sub kuch tabah karne ke liye chehar par hamla kiya
 

English

 

To remember

Urdu یاد کرنا
Transliteration Yaad karna
Sentence Did you remember me?
Translation Kiya aap ne mujhe yaad kiya?
 

English

 

To get arrested

Urdu گرفتار ہو جانا
Transliteration Giraftar ho jaan
Sentence He got arrested last night.
Translation Who kal raat ko giraftar ho gaya.
 

English

 

To write

Urdu  لکھنا
Transliteration Likhna
Sentence Would you like to write a letter?
Translation Kiya aap khat likhna pasand karain ge?
 

English

 

To express happiness

Urdu خوشی کا اظہارکرنا
Transliteration Khushee ka izhaar karna
Sentence He wanted to express happiness over his success.
Translation Who jeet kai baad khushee ka izhar karna chahta tha
 

English

 

To believe

Urdu یقین کرنا
Transliteration Yaqeen karna
Sentence He must be trusted.
Translation Os par yaqeen karna zaroori hai
 

English

 

To save

Urdu بچانا
Transliteration Bachana
Sentence We must save the dog.
Translation Hamain Kute ko bachana chaahiye.
 

English

 

To take care of

Urdu خیال کرنا
Transliteration Khiyaal karna
Sentence Take care of him.
Translation Os ka khiyaal karna.
 

English

 

Weather

Urdu موسم
Transliteration Mosam
Sentence The weather is nice today.
Translation Aaj mosam achaa hai
 

English

 

Beginning

Urdu آغاز
Transliteration Aghaaz
Sentence Our journey began last week
Translation Hamaare safar ka aghaaz phichle hafte hua
 

English

 

To attack

Urdu حملہ کرنا
Transliteration Hamla karna
Sentence They attacked the fort
Translation Unhon ne qile par hamla kar diya
 

English

 

To get ready

Urdu تیار کرنا
Transliteration Taiyaar karna
Sentence They began to get the boat ready
Translation Unhon ne kishtee ko taiyaar karna shuroo kiya