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Words and Phrases Used During Ramadan Posted by on May 8, 2019 in Arabic Language, Culture, Islam, Language, Vocabulary

In this post, we’ll be learning words and phrases that you’ll hear during Ramadan.

Let’s begin with wishing someone a happy Ramadan!

  • !رَمَضان كَريم      Have a generous Ramadan!
  • !رَمَضان مُبارك    Have a blessed Ramadan!
  • !كُل عام وأنت بِخير   May you be well every year! (Note: This phrase is also used for Eid, New Years, and Birthdays.)

Image via Pixabay

As you may already know, Muslims fast during Ramadan, so let’s look at the word “fasting” along with other terms related to this holy month.

  • الصِّيام : to fast             .الصيام ركن من أركان الإسلام      Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam.
  • صائِم: fasting               هل أنت صائم؟                             Are you fasting?
  • آذان : call to prayer    هل سمعت آذان صلاة الفجر؟          Did you hear the call to Fajr prayer?
  • المَغرِب: sunset  (the time when Muslims break their fast)            متى المغرب؟           When is sunset?
  • صلاة التَراويح : Tarawih prayer (the night time prayers performed during Ramadan)
  • هل أنت ذاهب إلى صلاة التراويح؟        Are you going to Tarawih prayer?
  • الإفطار : breakfast (in this context, it literally means to break one’s fast) 😊
  • ماذا سوف نأكل على الإفطاراليوم؟           What are we going to eat for breakfast today?
  • السُحور : A light breakfast eaten before sunrise to help keep one energized throughout the day while fasting.
  • أي ساعة يجب أن نستيقظ للسحور؟         What time should we wake up for suhoor?
  • الزكاة: It is the act of giving alms to the poor and needy, and is one of the five pillars of Islam.
  • Chapter (2) sūrat l-baqarah (The Cow)-Verse (43)  وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَارْكَعُوا مَعَ الرَّاكِعِين And be steadfast in prayer; practice regular charity; and bow down your heads with those who bow down (in worship).
  • عيد الفِطر : The “Festival of Breaking the Fast” celebrated every year after Ramadan.
  • .يأتي عيد الفطر مباشرةً بعد شهر رمضان           Eid Al-fitr comes directly after the month of Ramadan.
  • هِلال : crescent        .بعد رؤية هلال رمضان، أعلنوا أن رمضان غداً         After seeing the Ramadan crescent, they announced that Ramadan is tomorrow.
  • تَمر : dates            .أحب أن آكل التمر كل يوم في رمضان       I like eating dates every day in Ramadan.
    • Dates are considered a blessed fruit and a custom to have them during the holy month. It also recommended to start Iftar by eating dates, as it provides the body with sugar, helping restore low blood sugar after fasting all day.

I hope you found this post interesting and useful. It’s always good to know the vocabulary associated with a particular holiday or celebration since it will be what many Arab speakers are talking about! !رمضان كريم 😊


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About the Author: yasmine

MarHaba! I am half Jordanian of Circassian descent and half American. I have a Master's in Second Language Teaching and I teach Arabic as a foreign language here in the US, both MSA and Levantine Arabic. I hope to help you become more familiar and interested in the Arabic language and culture.


  1. Trimingiu Evanghelia:

    Thank you dear for all your help you provide in your blog for us. You are a very good teacher. Congratulations. I hope one day I will be able to speak your language as good as you.