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hi everybody, today I want to indroduce some general vocabulary about music to you. So, when we talk about music, we first have to seperate the different styles of music:
Klassik – Classical music
Pop – Popular music
Reggae – Reggae music
Rock – Rock music
Folk – Folk music
Hip Hop – Hip Hop
Heavy Metal – Heavy Metal
Jazz – Jazz music
Blues – Blues
By far these are not all the different styles that exist, but even here, you can see that the words are very similar in both languages. The reason is pretty simple: In German we use a lot of „Anglizismen“ (angliscisms). These are words that are just adapted from the English language and so they are valid in German as well. This happens often in contemorary words like internet, community, computer, meeting, overall…
But back to music. When we talk about classical music, we have a lot of words, that have their origin in Italian language and sometimes we have them translated in German:
How is this handled in English language?
When you think of the Notenlinien (staff), it all starts with a Notenschlüssel (clef) and the Vorzeichen (accidental) to declare the Tonart (key, tonality) of the song. And there are not only songs:
das Lied – song
das Stück – piece
die Oper – opera
die Arie – aria
die Operette – operetta
der Akt – act
die Rockoper – Rock opera (like Pink Flyod´s „The Wall“)
The different Tonlagen (pitches) are categorised as follows:
Bass – bass
Tenor – tenor
Alt – alto
Sopran – soprano
In modern music, it´s mostly about songs. And very often they consist of Strophen (verses) and Refrains (chorus). That makes them pretty easy to recognize and easy to remember.
When you go out to see a Orchester (orchestra) or Musikgruppe (Band) play live, this is called a Konzert (concert, gig). The Besetzung of band is very often like this:
das Schlagzeug – drums
der Bass – bass guitar
die elektrische Gitarre – Electric guitar
das Keyboard – Keyboards
der Gesang – Vocals
Of course there are a lot of other instruments as well. But this will be another blog post.
What are other vocabulary about music that you´re interested in? Feel free to start a discussion!