News from Greece about the Parthenon Posted by Ourania on May 10, 2019 in News, Vocabulary
A traveler cannot leave Athens without visiting its landmark, the Parthenon. In this post there is a brief presentation of the news about the Parthenon, information on a famous mythic battle depicted on parts of the Parthenon and a list of words related to monuments.
The Greek Archaeological Council decided to restore the inner-chamber of the Parthenon, in which was stored the statue of goddess Athena (Αθηνά). Τhis work requires the restoration of approximately 250 stones which are placed under the ground. The aim is to bring out the wall as it was formed after the bombing of Morosini in 1687 and before the siege of the Acropolis (Ακρόπολη) in 1822 when the Turks broke the ancient stones to take and use the lead. The Turks broke 500 stones. The restoration will be accomplished in fifteen years.
The Battle of the Centaurs (Η Κενταυρομαχία)
The Centaur battle is depicted on carved marbles on of the Southern metopes of Parthenon (Metopes 1-12 and 22-32). According to the myth, the Lapiths (Λαπίθες) were people brought to Thessaly by Pirithus (Πειρίθοος)and Theseus (Θησέας). Pirithos, to celebrate his marriage to (Ιπποδάμεια) Hippodameia, made a feast in which he invited the Centaurs (Κένταυροι), who were his relatives. Τhe Centaurs were uncivilized creatures, and as they were not accustomed to wine, the were drunk and one of them, Eurytion (Ευρυτίων), tried to rape the bride. The Lapiths cut Eurytion’s nose and ears and ordered the Centaurs to leave. The wedding ended in a fight and many fighters were lost from both sides. In the end, the Lapiths defeated the Centaurs and forced them to leave Thessaly.
Vocabulary about monuments
monument: μνημείο (το)
temple: ναός (ο)
Doric order: δωρικός ρυθμός (ο)
Ionian order: ιωνικός ρυθμός (ο)
Corinthian order: κορινθιακός ρυθμός
ancient theater: αρχαίο θέατρο (το)
palace: ανάκτορο (το) / παλάτι (το)
settlement: οικισμός (ο)
graveyard: νεκροταφείο (το)
tomb: τάφος (ο)
castle: κάστρο (το)
tower: πύργος (ο)
fortress: φρούριο (το)
stadium: στάδιο (το)
oracle: μαντείο (το)
sanctuary: ιερό (το)
odeon: ωδείο (το)