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The Week of Exercises! (Passive) Posted by on Sep 22, 2017 in Icelandic grammar

Today I’m going to share a few practices with you for the passive voice, which we went over in July. I hope you find these helpful. I’ll post additional exercises over the next week, for you to get used to the passive before we finish the topic up.

 

Also, as a note: I’ve been having trouble keeping up with things lately, and I want to apologize for the sparse pages of my blog. I’ve received kind emails and comments from a number of you – and I want to thank for your that. The next few entries, I’m going to spend on exercises as a follow-up to July’s entries on passive voice. Then I want to wrap up passive voice (we still haven’t talked about modeling it using -st verbs).

 

Here are the blogs I’m referring to:

Part I

Part II

Part III

 

JUST THE BASICS

*For the record, these are not exercises of my own making: they are pulled from one of my Icelandic language books.

 

Like so:

X borðar allt brauðið = allt brauðið er borðað

X sagði söguna í gær = Sagan var sögð í gær

 

  • X leyfir ekki reykingar
  • X ræðir málið
  • X veiðir laxinn í net
  • X sendir bréfin í pósti
  • X skreytir húsið fyrir jólin
  • X notar bækurnar til gjafa
  • X grunar hana um lygi
  • X sýnir myndirnar í listasafninu
  • X flengir börnin ef þau láta illa
  • X þynnir súpuna með vatni

 

Don’t forget to use BIN if you need to: http://bin.arnastofnun.is/forsida/

And another useful tool is: http://malid.is. There, you can access a number of different dictionaries and resources – including monolingual dictionaries to some extent, etymology, and declension machines.

 

And once you’ve completed them, here are the answers:

Open Me

(1) Reykingar eru ekki leyfðar

(2) Málið er rætt.

(3) Laxinn er veiddur í net

(4) Bréfin er send í pósti

(5) Húsið er skreytt fyrir jólin

(6) Bækurnar voru notaðar til gjafa

(7) Hún er grunuð um lygi

(8) Myndirnar eru sýndar í listasafninu

(9) Börnin eru flengd ef þau láta illa

(10) Súpan er þýnnt með vatni

 

A LITTLE MORE COMPLEXITY

X tamdi hestana = Hestarnir voru tamdir

X samdi söguna á síðasta ári = Sagan var samin á síðasta ári.

  • X vekur Steinu klukkan sjö á hverjum morgni
  • X lemur hundinn
  • X semur mörg lög á ári
  • X temur ljónið
  • X velur alltaf besta bitann fyrst
  • X telur peningana tvisvar
  • X skildi krakkana eftir á leikvellinum

 

Answer key:

Answer Key

(1) Steina er vakin klukkan sjö á hverjum morgni

(2) Hundurinn er laminn

(3) Mörg lög eru samin á ári

(4) Ljónið er tamið

(5) Besti bitinn er alltaf valinn fyrst

(6) Peningarnir eru taldi tvisvar

(7) Krakkarnir voru skildir eftir á leikvellinum

 

 

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About the Author:Meg

Hi, I'm Meg! I'm here to help you learn Icelandic, the language more than anything else in the world. I'm a former Fulbright scholar, with an MFA from Columbia, and I've published many translations into English from Icelandic and German. I currently study Icelandic, and translate poetry by trade. (If you have questions or comments on my entries, you can write them to me in the comments in either English, German, or Icelandic.)


Comments:

  1. helen Col:

    I am finally getting round to this today… I’m really happy to get on with your help. May I share my latest discovery, I don’t know how I didn’t find it before. It’s a monolingual Icelandic dictionary online that gives pronunciation, definitions and examples of how to use words in sentences. There is also a link to BIN for declension/conjugation. http://kata.arnastofnun.is/islob (Íslensk nútímamálsorðabók). Now for the exercises. 🙂

  2. helen Col:

    Hello. Having done the first exercise I don’t understand why the present tense of ‘be’ (vera) changes to the past . We are changing from active voice to passive, but do we need to change the tense too? Thank you for any explanation. 🙂

    • Meg:

      @helen Col Hi Helen! Thanks for the note. It is not necessary to change the tense to past; that was my mind changing the sentences from present to past. The answers should be in present tense unless the verb indicates otherwise.

  3. helen Col:

    OK Meg, thank you. 🙂