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As our returning readers know, learning Russian verbs is easier and more fun when you can meet an entire verb “family.” We are continuing our popular series on Russian verbs with the same root by looking at verbs with the -став- root.
At its most basic, ставить (imperf.)/поставить (perf.) means to put. Note that this is only used about putting something that can stand on its own. If the objects lies flat on a horizontal surface, the usual verb is класть (imperf.)/положить (perf.); we’ve covered this verb and its derivatives.
Представить (perf.)/представлять (imp.) is an important verb with several meanings. It can mean “to introduce” (a person to someone), in which case it may also be reflexive (представляться, “to introduce oneself”).
It can also mean “to represent.” A representative is представитель.
Представить (or, more commonly, представить себе) also means “to imagine.”
Finally, представить is a formal way of saying “to produce, to furnish” (documents, evidence, and the like).
Предоставить (perf.)/предоставлять (imp.) means “to provide, to offer” (goods, services, and so on).
Заставить (perf.)/заставлять (imp.) has a less literal connection to ставить. This verb means to force, to make someone do something.
Составить (perf.)/составлять (imperf.) means to put together, to compose. This can be used literally, for placing physical objects close to each other, or figuratively, for coming up with ideas or steps.
What other verbs related to ставить do you know?
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