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Iftar افطار or Iftari is a ritual observed by Muslims during the holy month of Ramadan. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims observe a daily fast during the daytime. They have a pre-dawn meal called Sehr سحر or Sehri سحری and go for fasting throughout the day and cannot eat or drink anything. They break their daily fast with a special meal in the evening at sunset, which is known as Iftar or Iftari. Ramadan in 2018 will be celebrated from May 17th to June 15 (depending on the lunar calendar). Daily Iftar timings will vary based on the timings of the sunset at different places across the world. At places like Alaska and parts of Europe where the sunset is seen at unusual hours going way past the normal sunset hours around the world, the Iftar times are set in advance linking them to Saudi Arabia. This practice allows Muslims to fast without jeopardizing their health and daily life routines.
Muslims normally pray five times during the day. At the time of breaking the fast at sunset and to celebrate with a special meal called Iftar, they usually recite Iftar prayers before they start eating. Here is an example of a Dua (prayer) for Iftar. Arabic version of the Iftar prayer first, which is then followed by its translation in English.
Allah Huma Laka Sumto, Wabeka Aa manto, Wa Aalika Tawakalto, Wa Ala Rizkeka Aftarto
O Allah! I fasted for you and I believe in you [and I put my trust in You] and I break my fast with your sustenance.
A Muslim should observe the following principles when he is breaking his fast: