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The ideology of Pakistan stems from the instinct of the Muslim community of South Asia to maintain their individuality by resisting all attempts by the Hindu society to absorb it. Muslims of South Asia believe that Islam and Hinduism are not only two religions, but are two social orders and have given birth to two distinct cultures and that there is no meeting point between the two. A deep study of the history of this land proves that the differences between Hindus and Muslims are not confined to the struggle for political supremacy but are also manifested in the clash of two social orders. Despite living together for more than one thousand years, they continue to develop different cultures and traditions. Their eating habits, music, architecture and script, all are poles apart. Even the language they speak and the dress they wear are entirely different.
The ideology of Pakistan took shape through an evolutionary process. Historical experience provided the base; Allama Iqbal gave it a philosophical explanation; Quaid-i-Azam translated it into a political reality; and the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, by passing Objectives Resolution in March 1949, gave it legal sanction. It was due to the realization of the Muslims of South Asia that they are different from the Hindus that they demanded separate electorates. However when they realized that their future in a Democratic India dominated by Hindu majority was not safe, they changed their demand to a separate state.
The Muslims of South Asia believe that they are a nation in the modern sense of the word. The basis of their nationhood is neither territorial nor racial or linguistic or ethnic rather they are a nation because they belong to the same faith, Islam. On the same plea they consider it their fundamental right to be entitled to self-determination. They demanded that the areas where they were in majority should be constituted into a sovereign state, wherein they could be enabled to order their lives in individual and collective spheres in accordance with the teachings of Holy Quran and Sunnah of Holy Prophet (SAW).