Cave Paintings of India

Posted on 16. Dec, 2011 by in Hindi Language

Nowadays, Indian painters (चित्रकार – Chitrkaar) are world renowned and have got accolade from international community. Are they new comer to the world of painting or they have some legacy of their own?

The evidences from the history (इतिहास – Itihas) suggest the latter.  Let me show you some of evidences or I would say, beautiful examples of historical cave paintings across India.

1. Bhimbetka Rocks Paintings

Bhimbetka Rock Shelters (भीमबेटका पाषाण आश्रय – Bhimbetka Pashaan Aashray) are located in central India in the state of Madhya Pradesh and are home to one of the oldest paintings known to mankind. They house Stone Age rock paintings which are approximately 30,000 years old . These rock shelters have some interesting paintings which not only show the lives and time of people, including scenes of childbirth, communal dancing and drinking, and religious rites and burials, as well as the natural environment around them but also the scenes of hunting, music, horse and elephant riders, various animal, animal fighting, honey collection, decoration of bodies, disguises and masking, household scenes as well as religious signs (धार्मिक प्रतीक – Dharmik Pratik) . These caves have received the status of World Heritage Site.

Bhimbetka Rock Paintings

Bhimbetka Rock Paintings

2. Ajanta Caves Paintings

The Ajanta Caves (अजंता की गुफाएं – Ajanta ki Gufayein) in Aurangabad city of western Indian state of Maharashtra. These cave date back to 2nd century BCE. This cave houses some of the finest paintings of early medieval period (मध्यकालीन – Madiyakalin) of India. Painting are seen on walls, pillars and ceilings frescoes. Many paintings are from Buddhist religion depicting Gautam Buddha. Many expert believes that the techniques (तकनीक – Taknik) used to produce such paintings are not see in any other civilization (सभ्यता – Sabayata), an another proof of their uniqueness. These caves have received the status of World Heritage Site.

Gautam Buddha in Ajanta Cave Painting

Gautam Buddha in Ajanta Cave Painting

3. Ellora Caves Paintings

Ellora Caves (एल्लोरा की गुफाएं – Ellora ki Gufyein) are also located near to Ajanta Caves and in Aurangabad city. These  caves are known for the monumental caves and have earned the status of a World Heritage Site.  These caves house also have some of the amazing paintings from the early medieval era of India.  These painting depicts the life of people and traditions of Hinduism, Buddism as well as Jainism religion. These caves have received the status of World Heritage Site.

Ellora Caves Paintings

Ellora Caves Paintings

4. Bagh Caves Paintings

Bagh Caves (बग्ह की गुफाएं - Bagh ki Gufyein) are a group of nine rock-cut monuments located in the central India in Dhar district (जनपद – Janpad) in Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. These caves are known for its fine mural paintings of ancient India (प्राचीन भारत – Prachin Bharat).

These caves also houses many painting from Buddhism tradition of early medieval period. Many of the paintings have transformed to fragments because of time related damage. Other paintings are now shifted to the Gwalior Museum (संग्रहालय – Sangrahlaya) to avoid damage and now open for public viewing.

Bagh Caves Paintings

Bagh Caves Paintings

5. Sittanavasal Caves Paintings

Sittanavasal Caves (सित्तनवासल की गुफाएं, Sittanavasal ki Gufyein) is located in the south Indian state, Tamil Nadu. These caves are from Jainism tradition contains remnants of marvelous frescoes which date from 7th century. These frescoes are finest examples of medieval Indian paintings after Ajanta and Ellora frescoes. The interesting point being that many murals paintings have been painted in variety of colors which are made from vegetable (वनस्पति – Vanaspati) and mineral dyes.

Sittanavasal Caves Paintings

Sittanavasal Caves Paintings

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About Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. Professionally, he has got Masters in Robotics and currently works in the field of technical research in hi-tech industry in Germany. His passion for Indian culture and writing in particular, has motivated him to share technical and cultural blogs on various websites. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 300 blogs on various facet of his motherland, India and his language, Hindi. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.

6 Responses to “Cave Paintings of India”

  1. SHIV 16 December 2011 at 8:52 am #

    I LIKE SO MUCH HINDI LANGUGE, I LOVE TO HINDI..

  2. yogesh 3 March 2012 at 9:47 am #

    i want visit short time

  3. richa 12 April 2012 at 7:59 am #

    i love hindi language,if you teach that how make painting in hindi

  4. anil 12 October 2012 at 5:28 pm #

    i love hindi language

  5. piyush 28 December 2012 at 12:27 pm #

    thank you! for my sst project

  6. rashid virani 23 January 2014 at 7:30 am #

    Don’t miss out on one of the best exhibitions in Mumbai that will take you through the rich tradition of the Parsi community.

    Click Here : – https://www.facebook.com/events/235265076651336/


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