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Archive for February, 2017

Family Stories (Parivaar ki Kahaaniya) Posted by on Feb 20, 2017

Most people enjoy listening to stories (कहानियाँ/kahaaniyaan, fem. plural noun. Singular noun: कहानी/kahaani) about their family (परिवार/parivaar, masc. noun), and I am certainly one of those people. I especially enjoy listening to my parents’ stories of when they were younger and, when my grandmother was still with us, I loved hearing her stories of growing…

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Verb Tenses II: Present Progressive … and More on the Simple Present Posted by on Feb 18, 2017

Last week पिछले हफ्ते (pichhlay haftay), we looked at construction of the simple present tense सामान्य वर्त्तमान काल (saamaanya vartamaan kaal) for regular verbs क्रिया (kriya). However, instead of moving to the simple past tense, I thought it would be useful to learn the present continuous/progressive तात्कालिक वर्त्तमान काल  (taatkalik vartamaan) tense. As its name denotes, the तात्कालिक वर्त्तमान काल…

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Many Pasts Posted by on Feb 14, 2017

नमस्ते सब लोग/Namaste sab log (Hello everyone)! I described in a previous post how to form the “simple past tense” (referring to actions completed at one time); this time, I’ll describe how to form the habitual past tense and the past perfect tense (the tense that refers to an even more distant past than the…

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Verb Tenses I: Simple Present Posted by on Feb 9, 2017

In Hindi, tenses are known as काल (kaal).  Past tense is known as भूतकाल (bhoot kaal). Present tense is known as वर्त्तमान काल (vartamaan kaal).  Future tense is called भविष्यत् काल (bhavishya kaal). Like English, there are several types of each tense. Let us begin with the simple present tense or सामान्य वर्त्तमान काल (saamaanya vartamaan kaal). The infinitive form…

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