The state of Gujarat in India’s पश्चिमी (paschhimi/western) क्षेत्र (kshetra/region) is प्रसिद्ध (prasiddh/famous) as the घर (ghar/home) of the majestic Asiatic शेर (sher/lion).
Once found in other parts of the world and in पूर्वी (poorvi/eastern) and मध्य (madhya/central) India, it is now believed to make its विशेष (vishesh/exclusive) domain within the confines of the गिर वन राष्ट्रीय उद्यान (Gir van raashtriya udyaan/Gir Forest National Park) in Gujarat.
By Nikunj vasoya – During My visit to Gir Forest, CC BY-SA 3.0
According to recent news reports, a large number (बड़ी संख्या/badi sankhya) of Asiatic lions की मृत्यु हो गई (ki mrutyu ho gayi /died) in the past year, under reportedly अप्राकृतिक (a-praakrutik/unnatural) परिस्थितियों में (paristhitiyon mein/under … circumstances). Some of these included death from falling into खुले कुओं (khule ku-on/open wells) and electrocution from contact with बिजली (bijli/electric) के (ke/of) बाड़ (baad/fences) put up by farmers for protection from the lions.
The Gujarat High Court was motioned to जांच (jaanch/investigate) this matter through a सार्वजनिक हित (saarvajanik hita/public interest) मुकदमा (mukadama/litigation) filed by Biren Pandya, a वन्यजीव (vanyajeev/wildlife) कार्यकर्ता (kaaryakarta/activist).
In a related matter, a public interest litigation was ordered by the Gujarat HC’s own initiative, to look into the reported death of 182 Asiatic lions in the last 2 years. The Gujarat HC ordered (आदेश दिया/aadesh diya) the state government to implement सुरक्षा (suraksha/safety) उपाय (upaay/measures) like building walls around open wells, as well as प्रगति की निगरानी करें (pragati ki nigrani karen/monitor progress) of these measures. Fund allocations per animal were questioned by the HC as were the state’s policies on preventive care and टीकाकरण (teekakaraN/vaccination) of the lions against घातक बीमारी (ghaatak beemari/fatal disease).
The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is also known as Sasan Gir. It is located in Talala Gir in Gujarat, across an expanse of 545 sq mi. This includes 100 sq mi designated as a fully protected national park and 445 sq mi as wildlife sanctuary.
The region not only draws a large number of tourists who visit for a glimpse of the majestic Asiatic lion, but also scientists and biologists who treasure the diverse ecosystem.
गिर वन राष्ट्रीय उद्यान (Gir van raashtriya udyaan/Gir Forest National Park)
बड़ी संख्या (badi sankhya/a large number)
परिस्थितियों में (paristhitiyon mein/under … circumstances)
खुले कुओं (khule ku-on/open wells)
बिजली (bijli/electric) के (ke/of)बाड़ (baad/fences)
जांच करना (jaanch karna/investigate)
सार्वजनिक हित (saarvajanik hita/public interest)
आदेश दिया (aadesh diya/ordered)
प्रगति की निगरानी करें (pragati ki nigrani karen/monitor progress)
घातक बीमारी (ghaatak beemari/fatal disease)