Healthy Verbs: The Doubled Verb الفعل المضعّـف Posted by Fisal on May 9, 2011 in Arabic Language, Grammar, Vocabulary
Today, we will look at the third and last type of Healthy (Sound) Verbs; The Doubled Verb الفعل المضعّـف . Now what is meant by that name?
A Doubled Verb is that which has a two repeated or doubled letters in its root (base).
* This type of verb can be divided into two sub types:
1) The Three Fold Verb الفعل الثلاثي / Thulaathy Verb /
- It is that verb that has the second and third letters the same; e.g. شَدَّ = pulled.
- Here the verb looks as if it has only two letters in its stem, but actually there are three letters as the second and third letters are duplicated. The second letter of the verb has a Shaddah on it so it is duplicated (stressed) in pronunciation.
- When using the verb in different tenses, the duplicated letters can sometimes be unfolded to two similar letters.
2) The Four Fold Verbs الفعل الرباعى / Ruba’ie Verb /
- It is the verb that consist of four letters in its stem and has its first and third letters the Same and the second and fourth letters similar; e.g. زَلزَلَ = rocked.
This table shows the different tense forms of these two categories of doubled verbs;
Three fold Verbs with the second and third letters duplicated
|To pull||شّدَّ||يَشُدّ / يشدُدُ||شُدَّ / اِشْدُد|
|To extend||مَدَّ||يَمُـدّ / يمدُدُ||اِمدُد|
|To release / to untie||فَكَّ||يَفُـكُّ / يفكُك||فُكَّ / اِفكُـك|
|To count||عَـدَّ||يَـعُـدّ / يعدُدُ||عُدّ / اِعدُد|
|To reply / to give back||رَدَّ||يرُدُّ / يردُد||رُدّ / اِردُد|
|To pass by||مَرَّ||يمُرُّ / يمرُر||مُرّ / امرُر|
|To love||حبَّ||يُحِبُّ / يُحبِب||حِبّ / أحبِبْ|
|To work hard||جَدَّ||يَجِدُّ||جِدَ|
|To push back||صَدَّ||يَصُدُّ||صُدّ|
|To bite||عَضَّ||يَعُضُّ / يَعضُض||عُضَّ / اِعضُض|
|To run away||فَرَّ||يَفِرُّ||فِرّ|
|To block||سَدَّ||يَسُدُّ / يَسْدُد||سُدّ / اِسْدُد|
Four Fold Verbs with the First and third letters the same
(Note 1: The rules of gender and number we studied earlier apply to these verb tenses.)
(Note 2: If the three fold doubled past verb is connected to one of these inseparable subject pronouns “Taa of the subject / Naa of the plural speakers / Noon of the plural feminine”, then the duplicated letter is unfolded and written as two letters; e.g. شدَدتُ / شددنا / شددن )
(Note 3:If the three fold doubled present or Imperative verb is attached to the Noon of the Feminine, then the duplicated letter is unfolded to two letters; e.g. يشددن / اِشدُدن )
(Note 4: If the three fold present or imperative verb has a Sukoon, then it can either be duplicated or unfolded.)
(Note 5: To get the Imperative from the four fold doubled Verbs, you just change the Fatha above the third letter of the stem to a Kasrah underneath and apply a Sukoon on the fourth letter.)
Next time, we will look at Unhealthy (Sick) Verbs.
Check us back soon
Peace سلام / Salam/
Build vocabulary, practice pronunciation, and more with Transparent Language Online. Available anytime, anywhere, on any device.