Danish Language Blog

Basic Shapes in Danish Posted by on Sep 30, 2016 in Vocabulary

(Image from OpenClipart.)

(Image from OpenClipart.)

You’ve got the colours, and now you need formerne (the shapes). 🙂

  • You can certainly guess what cirkel [SEERkl] means. 🙂
  • Streg [sdry] is a common word for linje [LINyeh] (line). When you’re drawing shapes, it’s hard to avoid streger. Some of them get together to make a vinkel (angle).
  • In the Danish flag, two white bars cross and become a … kors (cross).
  • A trekant [TREHkant] (”three-edge”) is a triangle, and I’m quite sure you know what the following words mean: firkant, femkant, sekskant…
  • A firkant where all four sider (sides) are lige lange (”equally long”) is a kvadrat [kvahDRAAHT]. That word, however, is much less used in ordinary speech than ”square” in English. 🙂 Most of the times, firkant will do just fine.
  • As in English, some shapes are named after things in the ”real world”: stjerne (star), halvmåne [HAL-MAWneh] (crescent), hjerte [YERteh] (heart).

Turning these nouns into adjectives (”description words”) is easy:

  • Taget er trekantet. (The roof is triangular.)
  • Flaget er firkantet. (The flag is rectangular.)
  • Blomsten er stjerneformet. (The flower is star-shaped.)
  • And oh, I almost forgot, round is … rund:
  • Solen er rund. (The sun is round.)

Please note that the -et adjectives change their endig to -ede when in front of a definite noun or when describing plural nouns. (You know, those places where an ordinary adjective would get an –e!)

  • Har du set det trekantede vindue? (Have you seen the triangular window?)
  • Alle vores blomster er stjerneformede. (All our flowers are star-shaped.)

Finally, we need a mønster (pattern) for our tegning [TYE-ning] (drawing). 🙂

  • Gardinet har prikker. Det er prikket. (The curtain has got spots on it. It’s spotted.)
  • T-shirten har striber. Den er stribet. (The t-shirt has got stripes on it. It’s striped.)
  • Nederdelen har blomster. Den er blomstret. (The skirt has got flowers on it. It’s flowered.)
  • Sofaen har tern. Den er ternet. (The sofa has got squares on it. It’s chequered.)
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About the Author: Bjørn A. Bojesen

I was born in Denmark, but spent large parts of my childhood and study years in Norway. I later returned to Denmark, where I finished my MA in Scandinavian Studies. Having relatives in Sweden as well, I feel very Scandinavian! I enjoy reading and travelling, and sharing stories with you! You’re always welcome to share your thoughts with me and the other readers.