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Basic Shapes in Danish Posted by on Sep 30, 2016 in Design, Vocabulary

You’ve got the colours, and now you need formerne (the shapes). 🙂

(Image from OpenClipart.)

(Image from OpenClipart.)

  • You can certainly guess what cirkel [SEERkl] means. 🙂
  • Streg [sdry] is a common word for linje [LINyeh] (line). When you’re drawing shapes, it’s hard to avoid streger. Some of them get together to make a vinkel (angle).
  • In the Danish flag, two white bars cross and become a … kors (cross).
  • A trekant [TREHkant] (”three-edge”) is a triangle, and I’m quite sure you know what the following words mean: firkant, femkant, sekskant…
  • A firkant where all four sider (sides) are lige lange (”equally long”) is a kvadrat [kvahDRAAHT]. That word, however, is much less used in ordinary speech than ”square” in English. 🙂 Most of the times, firkant will do just fine.
  • As in English, some shapes are named after things in the ”real world”: stjerne (star), halvmåne [HAL-MAWneh] (crescent), hjerte [YERteh] (heart).

Turning these nouns into adjectives (”description words”) is easy:

  • Taget er trekantet. (The roof is triangular.)
  • Flaget er firkantet. (The flag is rectangular.)
  • Blomsten er stjerneformet. (The flower is star-shaped.)
  • And oh, I almost forgot, round is … rund:
  • Solen er rund. (The sun is round.)

Please note that the -et adjectives change their endig to -ede when in front of a definite noun or when describing plural nouns. (You know, those places where an ordinary adjective would get an –e!)

  • Har du set det trekantede vindue? (Have you seen the triangular window?)
  • Alle vores blomster er stjerneformede. (All our flowers are star-shaped.)

Finally, we need a mønster (pattern) for our tegning [TYE-ning] (drawing). 🙂

  • Gardinet har prikker. Det er prikket. (The curtain has got spots on it. It’s spotted.)
  • T-shirten har striber. Den er stribet. (The t-shirt has got stripes on it. It’s striped.)
  • Nederdelen har blomster. Den er blomstret. (The skirt has got flowers on it. It’s flowered.)
  • Sofaen har tern. Den er ternet. (The sofa has got squares on it. It’s chequered.)
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About the Author:Bjørn A. Bojesen

I was born in Denmark, but spent large parts of my childhood and study years in Norway. I later returned to Denmark, where I finished my MA in Scandinavian Studies. Having relatives in Sweden as well, I feel very Scandinavian! I enjoy reading and travelling, and sharing stories with you! You’re always welcome to share your thoughts with me and the other readers.