The “to be” verbs in Dari Posted by Sayed Naqibullah on Sep 1, 2011 in language
The “to be “verbs are verbs that show state of being, (i.e. Am, are, and is). In Dari the “to be” verbs are derived from the imaginary infinitive هستن Hastan. All different forms of the “to be” verb have the same stem and only the ending changes, for example هستم Hastam (I am) and هستند Hastand (they are) have the same stem and only the ending of the verb changes.
In Dari every verb has two stems, the past stem and the present stem. The present stem of the “to be” verb is هست hast, and by adding the verb ending to the present stem we can form the “to be” verbs for all subjects. Remember that the verb endings are the same for all verbs in the present tense.
In Dari the ending of a verb shows who the verb is used for or who the doer of the action is, there for we can use the “to be” verbs without using the subject, for example, هستیم hastem means “we are” in this verb the subject “we” is implied or embedded. The fowling are the “to be” verbs, the verb endings are highlighted.
Transliteration Dari meaning
Hastam هستم (I) am
Hastem هستیم (we) are
Hastand هستند (they) are
Hasteed هستید (you plural) are
Hasti هستی (you singular) are
Ast است (he/she/it) is
Please watch the video for proper pronunciation, further explanation, and example sentences.
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