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In this blog post, we will teach you the past tense of the verb “to be” in Dari, and its different conjugated variation. In Dari, there are two infinitives for the “to be” verbs, the imaginary infinitive هستن hastan which is used for the present tense , and the real infinitive بودن boodan which used for past tense. It is only the verb “to be” in Dari that has two infinitives.
The past tense of the verb “to be” is derived from the infinitive بودن boodan by simply dropping the last letter ن “an” of the infinitive and adding the personal endings of the verbs. The personal endings of the verb are suffixes that are added to the stem of a verb in order to show who the subject of the verb is. For example, the personal ending for “I” is م “am” therefore in the sentence من در کابل بودم man dar Kabul boodam, the personal ending which is highlighted is am.
The following are the past tense of the “to be” verbs in Dari.
Dari transliteration Meaning
من بودم man boodam I was
تو بودی tu boodee you were (singular)
او بود oo bood he/she/it was
ما بودیم maa boodaim we were
شما بودید shumaa boodeed you were (plural)
آنها بودند anhaa boodand they were