French Language Blog

Dual Gender Nouns Posted by on May 2, 2016 in Grammar

I’ll never forget the moment my husband pointed at the tie he was wearing and said, “Do you think she’s too short?” He was just learning English at the time and was used to all nouns having a gender in French. I didn’t understand who he was talking about at first … me? Some other woman? And then I realized: he was referencing la cravate (the tie) that he was wearing.

To a French speaker, it’s very strange to hear English speakers referring to all kinds of things by the gender-neutral pronoun “it.” For English speakers, however, it’s terribly confusing to memorize all of the genders of French nouns. (Who said that a tie had to be feminine, anyway?) I’ve previously written about general rules that make it easier to guess the gender of common nouns (with 80 percent accuracy!) here.

To make it all the more confusing, unfortunately, some French nouns are dual-gender nouns. This means that a word can be spelled exactly the same way (or at least sound the same) but, depending on if it is masculine or feminine, it can mean completely different things!

Here are a couple of examples:

le boum In its masculine form, le boum means a bang or an explosion

la boum In its feminine form, however, la boum is a familiar way of saying “the party.” (Have you ever seen the famous movie La Boum, starring Sophie Marceau?)

le capital The masculine form refers to money …

la capitale … while the feminine form refers to a capital city or a capital letter!

le diesel The masculine form refers to the diesel fuel you would put into your car.

la diesel The feminine form refers to the diesel car itself!

le fil This word means “string.”

la file While this word means “line” or “queue.” Filer as a verb can also mean to line up.

le gène With an accent grave, this word means “gene.”

la gêne While with an accent circonflexe, this word means “trouble” or “embarrassment.”

un icone What you click on (the icon) on a computer screen.

une icône Someone or something that is an icon (can also refer to the paintings that depict religious icons).

Of course, you were probably taught one of the most famous examples of dual-gender nouns: le livre and la livre. Le livre refers to a book, while la livre refers to the pound (both the currency and the measurement of weight).

Now, it’s your turn. Can you think of any nouns that completely change meaning depending on whether it is feminine or masculine? Write your responses in the comments.





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About the Author: Elizabeth Schmermund

Bonjour tout le monde! I'm a freelance writer, doctoral student, mom, and Francophile. I'm excited to share some of my experiences living in France, as well as the cultural nuances that I've learned being married to a Frenchman, with all of you. To find out more about me, feel free to check out my website at A la prochaine!


  1. sunshine:

    Le prof ou la prof? I remember when I was au lycee, we would use the natural gender when we shortened professeur. But in mainstream French we still kept it: le professeur, when we used the entire word.

    That’s how we navigated gender.

    • Elizabeth Schmermund:

      @sunshine Good point, sunshine. Yes, some job titles can be changed to masculine and feminine, although it has often been contested. (For example, many say that l’écrivaine cannot be used, although it is gaining more popularity!)

  2. Virginia Cosgrove:

    What about “le tour” and “la tour”?

    • Elizabeth Schmermund:

      @Virginia Cosgrove To everyone who mentioned “le tour” and “la tour”–yes! This is a great example. See Bonnie’s comment for the difference between the two words.

  3. Katht:

    Le tour vs la tour

  4. Bonnie:

    N’oubliez pas “le tour” and “la tour”. J’utilise comme exemples “LE tour de France” et “LA tour Eiffel”.

  5. Hilary:

    Le poêle and la poêle. For stove and frying pan respectively.