Hindi Language Blog

Common Mistakes with Grammatical Gender Posted by on Aug 31, 2013 in Hindi Language

There are times when the beginners get confused about the correct grammatical gender in Hindi. This is the most common mistake among all that Hindi learners are making. It is also important to note that the gender in Hindi languages may not be the same as in your language so it is important to learn the gender of the word.

Let me show you some of the common mistakes associated with the incorrect grammatical gender as well as how you can avoid them. Let us take some examples, taking each of them with in detail.

1. मैं वहां जाता हूँ। (Main wahan jaata hoon – I go there) – This is a basic sentences, yet a perfect example to show that you need to take care of verb declension if there is pronoun. This sentence is fine for a male person, but incorrect for a female. Why? The verb declension happens with respect to the gender. Here in this sentence, it is “जाता” (Jaata), which is declension for masculine noun or pronoun. If there is female person, the verb declension results in “जाती” (Jaati). The pronoun is “मैं” (Main), which is same for male and female like “I” in English.

2. मुझे आज काम नहीं करना। (Mujhe aaj kaam nahi karna – I don’t have to work today) and मुझे आज बात नहीं करनी। (Mujhe aaj baat nahi karni – i don’t have to talk today)
In both sentence, we have “मुझे” (Mujhe) and used by same person so how come the verb declensions are different in both of them?
To answer this question, let’s see what’s come in between of “मुझे” (Mujhe) and the verb declensions करना (karna) and करनी (karni). There is a noun between the twos in each of the sentences and this noun decide the declension for the verb. In first sentence, the gender of “काम” (Kaam – Work) is masculine and in second, the gender of “बात” (Baat – Conversation) is feminine.

3. बस चलती है। (Bas chalti hai – Bus runs) or बस चलता है। (Bas chalta hai – Bus runs)
So, which sentence is correct? Which one is noun? Where is the verb declension?
Here, we have noun “बस” (Bas – Bus) which has feminine gender in Hindi and so, the first sentence is correct with the verb declension “चलती” (chalti – goes).

Remember: the verb declension which ends with the sound “a” are of masculine and those end with the sound of “i” are of feminine. In Hindi, the verb declension always comes at the end. Use this hints to find the gender of the noun or pronoun.

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. ALLEN:

    me ne film dekha or me ne film dekhi. which is correct considering the person the masculine..

    • Nitin Kumar:

      @ALLEN Namaste Allen,

      main ne film dekhi is correct.

  2. Sree Harika:

    how can baat be feminine?

    • Nitin Kumar:

      @Sree Harika because, aapki baat achchi hoti hai 🙂

  3. David Paul:

    Is it scooter chalti hai aur scooter chalta hai.
    I know we use femine in gaadi except truck.
    What i use us sccoter acchi chalti hai.
    Yes on morw things other blogger who teach hindi gender they saif dahi as masculine and u say dahi is feminine.
    Other blooger who teach online he is from bihar and completed master in Hindi. Who is correct

    • Nitin Kumar:

      @David Paul Scooter is masculine so scooter chalta hai is correct. Truck is also masculine. Cycle, Gaadi, Railgaadi, Train are feminine noun.
      Scooter achcha lagta hai.
      Dahi is feminine, not masculine. Example, Dahi khatti hai (Curd is sour) and not Dahi khatta hai (people will laugh)
      Other blogger native language may not be Hindi.
      People who are not from Delhi, UP, Haryana, MP and Rajasthan makes mistakes in Hindi (especially, people from Bihar makes a lot of mistakes in Hindi)

  4. Anindita chakraborty:

    How we get to know that when verb follows the subjct and when we have to use the verb according to the noun? Like majdur ne dharti khodi…where majdur is masculine..then why khodi?why we use. Khodi for majdur..why we r not following the subject majdur? which is masculine..

  5. Steve:

    Determining GST rates for various categories and understanding Hindi genders have one thing in common. Both are illogical 🙂