Hindi Language Blog

Consonants Joining in Hindi Posted by on Mar 29, 2015 in Hindi Language

In Hindi language, we combine and create new words quite often. In Hindi, Joining (संधि) or combination are of 3 major types. When a word is formed by a combination of two consonant or a consonant and a vowel then this combination or joining is called व्यंजन संधि (Vyanjan Sandhi – Consonants Joining) in Hindi.

Examples: Note carefully, how the two Hindi consonants or vowels are combining to form new word.

1. त् (t) + ई (i) = दी (di)
जगत् (Jagat – Word) + ईश (Ish – Master) = जगदीश (Jagdish – God)

2. म् (m) + त (ta) = ं (n)
सम् (Sam – Equal) + तोष (Tosh – Appeasement) = संतोष (Santosh – Satisfaction)

3. म् (m) + म (ma) = म्म (mma)
सम् (Sam – Equal) + मति (Mati – Mind)= सम्मति (Sammati – Agreement)

4. म् (m) + म (ma) = म्म (mma)
सम् (Sam – Equal) + मान (Maan – Honor) = सम्मान (Sammaan – Respect)

5. म् (m) + य (ya) = ं (n)
सम् (Sam – Equal) + योग (Yog – Possibility) = संयोग (Sanyog – Coincidence)

6. न (na) + स् (s) = ष (sha)
नि (Ni – Without) + सिद्ध (Sidhd- Prove) = निषिद्ध (Nishedhd – Prohibited)

7. त् (t) + भ (bha) = द्भ (dh)
सत् (Sat – Good) + भावना (Bhavna – Spirit) = सद्भावना (Sadhbhavna – Goodwill)

8. त् (t) + ज (ja) = ज्ज (jja)
सत् (Sat – Good) + जन (Jan – People) = सज्जन (Sajjan – Gentlemen)

9. त् (t) + ध (dha) = द्ध (dha)
सत् (Sat – Good) + धर्म (Dharm – Duty, Religion) = सद्धर्म (Sadharm – Good Duty)

10. म् (m) + ब (ba) = ं (n)
सम् (Sat – Good) + बंध (Bandh – Bond) = संबंध (Sambandh – Relation)

11. व् (v) + स् (s) = ष (sha)
वि(Vi – Opposite) + सम (Sam – Equal) = विषम (Visham – Unequal)

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. Eldora:

    Shiver me timbers, them’s some great inofomatirn.