Hindi Language Blog

Correction of Incorrect Sentences – II Posted by on Jan 26, 2012 in Hindi Language

As you might be learning Hindi, it is quite obvious that you will make few or many mistakes in the beginning. Many of you might have even pondered over the question – Okay, I have a mistake but can I group them? I want to be careful to these particular grammatical mistakes in the future.

Yes, indeed you can group these mistakes into at least 10 groups based on grammar. Let me introduce the topic once again, with different examples. Even  those who have already done the previous post could revise the topic once again.

1. लिंग (Ling) – Gender
Incorrect: राम, लक्ष्मण और सीता वन को गयी । Correct: राम, लक्ष्मण और सीता वन को गए
English: Ram, Laxman and Sita have gone to the forest.

2. वचन (Vachan) – Number
Incorrect: पांच लोग के खाना खाया । Correct: पांच लोगों ने खाना खाया।
English: Five man had lunch/dinner.

3. संज्ञा (Sangya) – Noun
Incorrect: ललित मेरा बालक है। Correct: ललित मेरा पुत्र है ।
English: Lalit is my son.

4. सर्वनाम (Sarvname) – Pronoun
Incorrect: मैं मेरा काम कर रहा हूँ। Correct: मैं अपना काम कर रहा हूँ ।
English: I am doing my work.

5. कारक (Karak) – Case
Incorrect: वह पेड़ पर से गिर पड़ा। Correct: वह पेड़ से गिर पड़ा।
English: He fell down from the tree.

6. पुरुष (Purush) – Grammatic Person
Incorrect: मैं, तुम और वह मुंबई जायेगा। Correct: मैं, तुम और वह मुंबई जायेंगे
English: I, you and he will be going to Mumbai.

7. विषेय-विशेषण (Vishy Visheshad) – Attributive Adjectives
Incorrect: प्रेमचंद बड़े अच्छे लेखक थे। Correct: प्रेमचंद बहुत अच्छे लेखक थे।
English: Premchand was a great writer.

8. क्रिया (Kriya) – Verb
Incorrect: मैं आपकी श्रद्धा करता हूँ। Correct: मैं आप पर श्रद्धा रखता हूँ।
English: I have faith on you.

9. क्रिया-विशेषण (Kriya Visheshad) – Adverb
Incorrect: तुम तो सदेव ही झूट बोलते हो। Correct: तुम तो सदेव झूट बोलते हो।
English: You always lie.

10. अनावश्यक शब्दों के प्रयोग (Anayavashyak Shabdo ka Priyog) – Use of unnecessary words
Incorrect: वह लौटकर वापस नहीं आया। Correct: वह लौटकर नहीं आया।
English: He never returned (back).


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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.