Hindi Language Blog

Hindi Alphabet Posted by on Dec 21, 2011 in Hindi Language

For all our new learners or who wish to start learning Hindi, I have first step for you. Yes, I am talking about the alphabet in Hindi. In Hindi, alphabet is called  वर्णमाला (Varna Mala), which came from वर्ण(varna) meaning letter and माला (mala) meaning chain.

So, are you ready to dive into a wonderful language called Hindi? 🙂 I hope so.

Hindi Alphabet English Pronunciation Hint
a as ‘a’ in apple
aa as ‘a’ in father
e as ‘e’ in history
ee as ‘ee’ in sleep
ei as ‘ei’ in mean
ei as ‘e’ in mean
ai as ‘a’ in mate
o as ‘o’ in so
oi as ‘oi’ in moisture
oii as ‘oii’ in oyster
uu as ‘oo’ in noon
ou as ‘ou’ in mouse
u as ‘u’ in Ubuntu
b as ‘b’ in bell
bha as aspirated ‘bh’
cha as ‘ch’ in cheese
chha as aspirated ‘ch’
da as aspirated ‘d’
dha as aspirated ‘dh’
fa as ‘f’ in fountain
फ़ fi as ‘fi’ in finish
ga as ‘g’ in game
gha as ‘gha’ in Ghana
ग़ ghi as ‘ghi’ in Ghini
ha as ‘ha’ in hand
ja as ‘ja’ in Java
jha as ‘jha’ in Jhane
ka as ‘ka’ in Kashmir
kha as ‘kha’ in Khaki
ख़ khi as ‘kh’ + ‘ee’ (combined)
la as ‘l’ in laugh
li as ‘li’ in limb
li as ‘lee’ in Lee
li as ‘li’ in Lima
lii as ‘lay’ in Barclay
ma as ‘ma’ in man
na as ‘na’ in Nascar
n’a as ‘da’+short ‘na’ (combined)
nia as ‘nia’ in Niagara
nae as in Nigeria
ni as ‘ni’ in Nick
oms as ‘oms’ in Tom’s
pa as ‘pa’ in Pan – Atlantic
क़ qi as ‘ki’ in King
ra as ‘r’ in Rachael
ri as ‘ri’ in ring
ri as ‘ri’ in risk
ri as ‘ri’ in Britney
sa as ‘sa’ in Samsung
sha as ‘sha’ in Shakira
tsha as ‘tsa’ in tsar
ta as ‘t’ in Tokyo
t’a as ‘t’ in Pasta
tha as aspirated ‘t’
da as ‘d’ in Dalila
t’ha as ‘in Thailand
tha as ‘the’ in thermal
ड़ dha as ‘d’ in down
ढ़ dhha as aspirated ‘dh’
va as ‘va’ in vanessa
ya as ‘ya’ in Yahoo
य़ yi as ‘ye’ in yeast
ज़ za as ‘za’ in Zara


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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. Bella:

    Your answer lifts the inteliglecne of the debate.