Hindi Language Blog

Hindi Words with Various Meanings – I Posted by on Feb 21, 2015 in Hindi Language

In Hindi, there are many words which could refer to another Hindi word. You might think that these words are synonyms, but they are not exactly synonyms. These words would be used in the Hindi literature like Hindi novels and poem. And you’d need to check which referred word would fit the context.

I have divided the topic in two posts to make it easy for you to grasp the words. Let’s check out the word in this post, the romanized spellings will help you with the pronunciation scheme for the words.

Hindi Romanized Hindi Equivalent English Words
1 अर्थ Artha धन (Dhan – Money), कारण (Karan – Reason)
2 अम्बर Ambar वस्त्र (Vastr – Cloth), आकाश (Aakash – Sky)
3 अरुण Aruṇ सूर्य का सारथी (Surya ka Sarthi – Driver of Sun), लाल (Laal – Red)
4 अक्षर Akṣar वर्ण (Varn – Alphabet), शिव (Shiv), मोक्ष (Moksh – Salvation), सत्य (Saty – Truth)
5 अमृत Amr̥it अन्न (Anna – Food), दूध (Dudh – Milk), जल (Jal – Water)
6 अग्र Agra पहले (Pehle – At first), श्रेष्ठ (Shesth – best), आगे का (Aage ka – of ahead)
7 अपेक्षा Apekṣa आशा (Aasha – Hope), आवश्यकता (Aavashyakata – need)
8 अवकाश Avakaash अवसर (Avasar – Chance), छुट्टी (Chutti – Vacation)
9 अवधि Avadhi निथररित समय सीमा (Nirtharit Samay Sima – Deadline), काल (Kaal – Time)
10 आराम Aaraam बगीचा (Bageecha – Garden), विश्राम (Vishram – Rest)
11 आत्मा Aatma परमात्मा (Parmaatma – God), सूर्य (Surya – Sun), अग्नि (Agni – Fire)
12 कल Kal आगामी (Aagami – Coming), बीता हुआ काल, (Beeta Hua Kal – Past) सुन्दर (Sundar – Beautiful) , मशीन (Machine)
13 कनक Kanak सोना (Sona – Gold), गेंहू (Genhu – Wheat)
14 काल Kaal समय (Samay – Time), मृत्यु (Mrityu  – Death)
15 काम Kāma कामदेव (Kaamdev – God of Love), कार्य (Karya – Work)
16 कुल Kul सब (Sab – All), वंश (Vansh – Ancestry)
17 ग्रहण Grahaṇ चन्द्र-सूर्य ग्रहण (Chandr -Surya Grahan – Moon or Sun Eclipse), लेना (Verb. Lena – To take)
18 गुण Guṇ स्वभाव (Svabhav – Nature), रस्सी (Rassi – Rope)
19 गुरु Guru शिक्षक (Shikshak – Teacher), बड़ा (Bada – Big), भारी (Bhari – Heavy)
20 गौ Gau गाय (Gaay – Cow) , पृथ्वी (Prithvi – Earth)
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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. priya khasory:

    well i love the hindi language its my favourite subject…
    im a student of form5
    and i can proudly say that im a hiondou who love and like to do hindi…