Hindi Language Blog

If … Then. Conditional Statements/Clauses Posted by on Mar 30, 2018 in Hindi Language

Conditional clauses convey the dependence of one event upon another. Why should you learn conditional clauses in Hindi? Well, when you are in a new place, things don’t always go as planned. Instead of keeping your host waiting, it’s good to convey the “if” and “when” in your plan.

Here are some common and useful word pairs in conditional sentences/clauses.

अगर  – तो
(agar – to)
if – then
अगर वक़्त/समय मिला तो मैं तुम्हारे घर आऊंगी।
(Agar waqt/samay mila, to main tumhaare ghar aaoongi.)
If I have some time, I’ll stop by at your house.

जब – तब
(jab – tab)
when – then
जब सिनेमा ख़तम हो जाए, तब मुझे फ़ोन करना।
(Jab cinema khatam ho jaaye, tab mujhe phone karna.)
When the movie is over, (then) please give me a call.

यदि – तो
(yadi – to)
if – then
यदि तुमने मुझे गाड़ी से न छोड़ा होता तो मेरी हवाई जहाज़ (प्लेन) ही छूट जाती।
(Yadi tumne mujhe gaadi se na choda hota to meri havaai jahaaz (plane) hi choot jaati.
If you had you not dropped me by car, I would have missed my flight/plane.

Let’s listen to this conversation between two friends. Sameer is supposed to stop by at Seema’s house for a casual visit. She calls to ask when he will be at her house. Sameer responds that he will leave work as soon as he finishes some tasks that he is working on. Seema asks him to come soon, and also invites him to stay for dinner. Sameer isn’t sure that he will even make it to her house … “if it gets late, I’ll come another time, he responds.” No “ifs and buts,” responds Seema. She insists that he has to come as promised.
Seema:  अरे तुम कब आ रहे हो?
(Arre tum kab aa rahe ho?)
Hey, when are you coming?
Sameer: जब काम ख़तम होगा, तब ऑफिस से निकलूँगा।
(Jab kaam khatam hoga, tab office se nikloonga.)
When my work will be done, then I will leave from my office.
Seema: जल्दी आओ। और हाँ, खाना खाके जाना।
(Jaldi aao. Aur haan, khana khaake jaana.)
Come soon. And yes, eat dinner here.
Sameer: कोशिश करूंगा।  अगर देर हो गयी, तो फिर कभी आऊँगा।
(Koshish karoonga. Agar der ho gayi, to phir kabhi aaoonga.)
I will try. If I get late, then I will come another time.
Seema: अगर मगर कुछ नहीं।  तुम्हे आज आना ही होगा।
(Agar magar kuch nahin. Tumhe aaj aana hi hoga.)
No ifs and buts. You have to come today.
Note: Agar-magar kuch nahin literally means “no ifs and buts” or “no excuses” or “I insist.”
Tags: , , ,
Keep learning Hindi with us!

Build vocabulary, practice pronunciation, and more with Transparent Language Online. Available anytime, anywhere, on any device.

Try it Free Find it at your Library
Share this:
Pin it

About the Author: Nitya

Namaste, friends. My name is Nitya. I was born and raised in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). I'm a native Hindi speaker. However, as life took me through school, college, work, and waves of friends from different parts of India, my repertoire of Hindi flavors and dialects grew and added dimension to my native fluency. Casual, formal, colloquial, and regional ... Hindi is a language with incredible variety and localization. Through this blog, I will help you learn Hindi through conversations, vocabulary, colloquialisms, and glimpses of Indian culture. आओ, मिलकर हिंदी सीखते हैं। (Aao, milkar Hindi seekhte hain!) Come, let's learn Hindi together.