Hindi Language Blog

Intransitive Verbs in Hindi Posted by on Jun 21, 2012 in Hindi Language

In the last topic, we have learnt about the transitive verbs. Today, I will try to explain the intransitive verbs.

Intransitive verbs are called अकर्मक क्रिया (Akarmak Kriya). Intransitive verbs are those verbs which use a subject but not object(s). These verbs are easier to grasp as they don’t contain object (s).

In Hindi, the intransitive verbs can be differentiated from the intransitive verbs by “कौन ” (Kaun – Who).

Questions can be formed by कौन + क्रिया? – Who + verb? . The answer is the कर्ता (Karta) – subject.

This is explained with some examples. The verbs are in bold.

1. सीता हँस रही है। – Sita is laughing.

Question: कौन हँस रही है? – Who is laughing?
Answer: सीता। – Sita.

2. गोपाल चल रहा है। – Gopal is walking.

Question: कौन चल रहा है? – Who is walking
Answer: गोपाल। – Gopal.

3. बच्चे रो रहे हैं। – Children are crying.

Question: कौन रो रहे हैं? – Who is crying?
Answer: बच्चे। – Children.

4. बिल्ली भाग रही है। – Cat is running.

Question: कौन भाग रही है? – Who is running?
Answer: बिल्ली। – Cat.

5. लोग बात कर रहे हैं। – People are talking.

Question: कौन बात कर रहे हैं? – Who is talking?
Answer: लोग। – People.

You would ask, why the बात (talk) is not an object? Because बात करना (Baat Karna – to talk) is a verb.

6. माता खाना बना रही है। – Mother is cooking.

Question: कौन खाना बना रही है? – Who is making food?
Answer: माता। – Mother.

You would ask, why the खाना (food) is not an object? Because खाना बनाना (khana banaana – to cook) is a verb.

7. पिता जी सो रहे हैं। – Father is sleeping.

Question: कौन सो रहे हैं? – Who is sleeping?
Answer: पिता जी। – Father.

Here, ‘जी’ (Ji) is used to show respect in Hindi and always goes together with the noun. This could be omitted if you want to say, Ram’s father is driving a car. Then, you don’t need ‘जी’, you can say राम के पिता गाड़ी चला रहे हैं।

Just like the last post if you will see the above mentioned examples in this post, you will find that the subject comes at the beginning of the Hindi sentences. You can use this information as a cue to determine the subject.

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. Nitish:


  2. niha:

    Very good

  3. anjali:

    fantastic this helped me a lot thanks

  4. Farah:

    Actually thank you for this important information as I had a hindi exam tomorrow of grammar.
    But I have one doubt
    In transitive verbs you had given a sentence like :
    Sita phal khaa raha hain
    There you had asked what is she eating, so you get the answer Phal
    But if you ask who is eating the fruit , you get the answer as Sita.
    So you get answers for both.
    So in like these cases it is supposed to be sakarmak Krupa right?
    Because there is an object that is the fruit.
    So I have a doubt that is like these sentences supposed to sakarmak or Akamai ??

  5. Farah:

    Please reply

  6. Farah:

    Please reply
    And by the way this has really helped me thank you