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Jana Gana Mana – The National Anthem of India Posted by on Aug 25, 2012 in Hindi Language

The national anthem is called राष्ट्रगान (Rastryagaan). जन गण मन (Jana Gana Mana) is the national anthem of India.  It was written by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1911 and in the same year, it was sung for the first time by Indian National Congress (A political party). After Independence of India from British rule, it was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950.

Although, it was written in Bengali with heavy use of Sanskrit words, it was adopted in Hindi as it was originated also from Sanskrit and thus, shares many Sanskrit words. The national anthem of India consists of 5 stanza must take approximately 52 seconds.

Devanagari Script:

जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे
भारत भाग्यविधाता
पंजाब सिन्धु गुजरात मराठा
द्राविड़ उत्कल बंगा
विन्ध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा
उच्छल जलधि तरंगा
तव शुभ नामे जागे
तव शुभ आशीष मागे
गाहे तव जयगाथा

जन गण मंगलदायक जय हे
भारत भाग्यविधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे
जय जय जय जय हे!

Romanized Hindi:

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Tava shubha name jage,
Tava shubha asisa mange,
Gahe tava jaya gatha,
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!

English Translation:

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Shindhu,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bangla;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganges and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Ocean.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
victory forever.

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About the Author:Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. Parvathi:

    Great post about our National Anthem. Thanks for sharing.

  2. vishnu:

    Thanks, but what about the other 4 stanzas out of 5??.Awaiting egerly


    • Nitin Kumar:

      @vishnu Namaste Vishnuji,

      Other 4 stanzas are not part of the national anthem of India.


  3. poonam:

    can i have meaning of national anthem in hindi not in english.

  4. anokhishah:

    why is it that there is only one stanza out of 5 pls write the other four in hindi 2

    • Nitin Kumar:

      @anokhishah @anokhishah: Because other 4 stanza are not part of Indian national anthem.

  5. Rajesh:

    Hi All,
    This is 2nd stanza..

    Aharaha tava ahwaan Bhaan prachaarita,
    Sunithav udhaar vaani
    Hindu Bauddh Shikh Jain Parashikh,
    Musalmaan Christaani
    Purav pashchim aashey,
    Tava sinhaasan paashey
    Premhaar hoy gaathaa
    Jana gana iky vidhaayako jaya he,
    Bharata bhaagya vidhaata
    Jaya he jaya he jaya he Jaya jaya jaya jaya he.

  6. Rajesh:

    3rd stanza…

    Pathana abhbhudhay bandhur panthaa,
    Yuga Yuga dhaavith Daathri
    Hey chirsaarathi, tava ratha chakre,
    Mukhurith patha din raatri
    Daaruna viplav maajhey,
    Tava shankhadhwani baajey
    Sankata dukkho traatha
    Jana gana patha parichaayak jaya hey,
    Bharata bhaagya vidhaata
    Jaya he jaya he jaya he Jaya jaya jaya jaya he.

  7. Rajesh:


    Ghor timir ghan nivir nishithey,
    Peedith murchhith deshey
    Jagrath chil thav avichala mangala,
    Natanaya ney animeshey
    Duhswapney aatanke,
    Rakshaa kariley ankey
    Snehamai tumhi maataa
    Jana Gana Duhkh Thrayaka jaya hey,
    Bharata bhaagya vidhaatha
    Jaya he jaya he jaya he Jaya jaya jaya jaya he

  8. Rajesh:

    5 th..

    Raatri prabhatil udila rabichhabi,
    Purva udaya giri bhaaley
    Gaahey vihangam punya sameeran,
    Nava jivano rass dhaley
    Thava karunaaruna ragey,
    Nidritha bhaarat jagey
    Tava charane nath maatha
    Jayo Jayo Jayo Hey, Jaya Rajeshwar
    Bharata bhaagya vidhaata
    Jaya he jaya he jaya he Jaya jaya jaya jaya he.

  9. Umesh:

    koi mujhe ye btaega ki ye humara national anthem kyo hai ??? Ye song gorge pancham k liye Wlcm song tha… Matlab Isme Gorge Pancham ko bharat ka Bhagya Vidhata btaya gya h jo ki bilkul galat h… Koi Foreigner humare bharat ka Bhagya Vidhata kese ho sakta h…. ???

  10. vikash singh:

    what is meaning of national anthem of india in word to word. please reply me anyone at singh333vikash@gmail.com

  11. sahrawatnisha:

    thankyou paancho stanzas ke meaning btane ke liye

  12. Piyushraj Keshaw:

    Its my favorite song


    Its my favorit song


    भारत माता की जय ……..

  15. Joseph:

    I will salute always, if I’m hearing the song

  16. raju:

    super machi

  17. arvind:

    I want meaning of all 5 stanzas in hindi

  18. saniya yadav:

    Salute to Rabindranath tagore and you all

  19. sujal raj:

    super post

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