Hindi Language Blog

Musical Instruments of India (Stringed) Posted by on May 27, 2012 in Hindi Language

Indian classical music is very diverse and distinct in the whole world. It uses variety of musical instruments to achieve this feat. Hindi film industry incorporates Indian classical music in their sound tracks.

I have made a post on some of the stringed musical instruments which are used quite prominently in Indian classical music.

1. वीणा (Veena)
Veena is an ancient musical instrument of India which are described in the ancient Indian texts. There are different types of Veena which are available with fret or without fret on the neck. It is a plucked string instrument.

2. सारंगी (Sarangi)
Sarangi is a bowed, short-necked string instrument of India which find its roots in Rajasthani folk music. It is said that Sarangi, if played well, can resemble the sound of the human voice as its sound is able to imitate vocal ornaments.

3. सितार (Sitar)
Sitar is very famous and quite well known in the world. The sitar is a plucked stringed instrument which produces its sweet, textured and high pitched sound.

4. सरूद (Sarod)
The sarod is a plucked stringed musical instrument which produces a deep, heavy and introspective sound
It is a fretless instrument so there is continuous slide between notes. This instrument, along with Sitar, is the most famous instrument from Indian classical music. Personally, this is my favorite musical instrument.

5. तंपुरा (Tanpura)
Tanpura or Tambura is a drone instrument. It is a long-necked plucked lute which has four to six strings. This is used to provide the background resonance of basic notes to other Indian classical music instruments such as Sitar, Sarod or other.


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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. Corinna Roger:

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  2. shekar:

    it is informative article

  3. Micheal:

    Classy instruments. All Indian traditional instruments are amazing but sadly they are disappearing. Please share more with us.

  4. top 90’s dance music list 90’s dance hits:

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  5. Matt:

    I like classical instruments a lot. I would suggest everyone out here to try this amazing MX Audio Player android app and relish the classical tunes.

  6. sandeep sharma:

    pls sir send me musical instrument& MUSIC Thory of hindi luguage

  7. Anup Kumar Vetma:

    About hormoniam or sitar in hindi