Hindi Language Blog

One Word Substitution Posted by on May 31, 2011 in Hindi Language

There are words in Hindi which are described by a whole sentence or group of words. Let me show you some of such words in Hindi which are very common and used in daily conversation.

English translations are given in the bracket after sentences or group of words and romanized spelling are also given for one word substitution in brackets.

1. जिसकी कोई उपमा न हो (Which can not be compared) – अनुपम (Anupam)
2. आलोचना करने वाला (One who criticize) – आलोचक (Aalochak)
3. इतिहास का जानकर (One who knows history) – इतिहासकार (Itihaskar)
4. आकाश को चूमने वाली (A building that can touch sky) – गगनचुम्बी (Gaganchumbi)
5. जो बात पहले कभी ना हुई हो (Which is not been heard before) – अभूतपूर्व (Abhutpurv)
6. जहा अनाथ रहते हो (One who live in Orphanage) – अनाथाश्रम (Anathashram)
7. जिसे बहुत आवश्यक हो (Thing which is very necessary)  – अनिवार्य
8. जो कभी ना मरे (One who can not die) – अमर (Amar)
9. जंहा पहोचना सरल हो (A place which can be reached easily) – सुगम (Sugam)
10. जहा पहोचना मुश्किल हो (A place which can not be reached easily) – दुर्गम (Durgam)
10. जिसे प्राप्त करना सरल हो (the thing which can be obtained easily) – सुर्लभ (Surlabh)
11. जिसे प्राप्त करना मुश्किल हो (the thing which can not be obtained easily) – दुर्लभ (Durlabh)
12. जहा पुस्तके पढने के लिए राखी जाती हो (the place where books are kept for reading) – पुस्तकालय (Pustakaliye)
13. जनता में सुनी-सुनाई बातें (Commonly heard gossip) – किंवदंती (Kivdantiya)
14. जानने की इच्छा रखने वाला (One who is curious) – जिज्ञासु (Jigyasu)
15. अच्छे कुल में जन्म लेने वाला (One who is born in a good family) – कुलीन (Kulin)
16. जो आँखों के सामने हो (One who/which is visible) – प्रत्यक्ष (Pratyash)
17. जिसका पति मर गया हो (One who has lost her husband) – विधवा (Vidhva)
18. जिसकी पत्नी मर गयी हो (One who has lost his wife) – विधुर (Vidhur)
19. जो सब जगह व्याप्त हो (One who is omnipresent) – सर्वयापी (Sarvayapi)
20. जो कानून के विरुद्ध हो (a thing which is illegal) – अवैध (Avadh)
21. जिसकी कोई संतान ना हो (One who has got no children) – नि:संतान (Nirsantan)
22. रात में घूमने वाला (One who travel at night)  – निशाचर (Nishachar)
23. जिसका पार ना पाया जाये (Whose boundary can not be found, boundless) – अपार (Apar)
24. जिसके माँ-बाप ना हो (One who is orphan) – अनाथ (Anath)
25. जो कम से जी चुराता हो (One who doesn’t want to work) – कामचोर (Kamchor)
26. जिसके ह्रदय में दया ना हो (One who is cruel) – निर्दय (Nirday)

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.




  2. manya:

    yahan par bahut kam shabd hain.

  3. P B JAJU:

    1) jiski greewa sunder ho
    2) Jiska koi swami n ho
    3) Jiska janam swaya huo ho
    4) jo prathwi se sambadth ho

  4. Dorothea:

    I’m really curious about one thing: what is the origin of the word अपार ? Is it sanskrit, arabic or something else?

    • Nitin Kumar:

      @Dorothea Namaste Dorothea,
      I am not sure if this word is from Sanskrit however, this words has “अ” as a prefix which is very common in Sanskrit and Hindi. अपार means Boundless or limitless and पार means boundary or limit. The same prefix could be seen with many Sanskrit words like अनिक्षित (Undecided), अनाथ (Orphan), अन्याय (Injustice) etc.
      Hope this help!
      Regards, Nitin

  5. Anupamaa:

    i want one word in hindi of young children group

  6. Satyendra:

    Sir I want to know one word for “jo annayay ke viruddh ho”

  7. annpurna:

    Sir I like it but I want to meaning of of one word subscriptions “Khane Me jo achha ho ur tikaw ho”give me reply Sir pls