Hindi Language Blog

Parsing in Hindi Posted by on Jul 21, 2012 in Hindi Language

Parsing (पद परिचय  – Pad Parichay) is an important part of any linguistic study. It helps us to understand, how the different elements of a sentence are structured in a grammatical sense .
In Hindi, the various elements of a sentence are well organized and can provide detailed information about grammatical elements such as संज्ञा (Sangya – Noun), सर्वनाम (Sarvanaam – Pronoun), विशेषण (Visheshan – Adjective), क्रिया (Kriya – Verb), क्रिया – विशेषण (Kriya Visheshan – Adverb), विस्मयादिबोदक (Vismayaadibodhak – Exclamation) etc. For example, Hindi does not have articles unlike English (a, an and the) and declension of verbs depend on grammatical gender and number.
Let’s understand the concept of parsing in Hindi with some examples in detail.

1.  राकेश यहाँ नौवी कक्षा में पड़ता था । – Rakesh yahan nauvi kaksha mein padta tha – Rakesh was learning here in 9th standard.

राकेश : व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा ( Vyaktivachaachak Sangya – Proper noun), पुल्लिंग (Pulling – Masculine), एकवचन (Ekvachan – Singular), कर्ता (Karta – Subject)

यहाँ : स्थानवाचक क्रिया विशेषण (Sthanvaachak Kriya Visheshan – Location Adverb)

नौवीसंख्यावाचाक विशेषण (Sankhyavachaak Visheshan – Numeral Adjective), क्रमसूचक (Kramsuchak – Ordinal), स्त्रीलिंग (Striling – Feminine), एकवचन (Ekvachan – Singular)

कक्षा में : जतिवाचाक संज्ञा ( Vyaktivachaachak Sangya – Proper noun), स्त्रीलिंग (Striling – Feminine), एकवचन (Ekvachan – Singular), अधिकरण कारक (Adhikaran Kaarak – Locative Case)

पड़ता थाअकर्मक क्रिया ( Akarmak Kriya – Intransitive Verb), पुल्लिंग (Pulling – Masculine), एकवचन (Ekvachan – Singular), कृत्य वाच्य  (Krity Vaachya – Active Voice)

2. आह! उपवन में सुन्दर फूल खिले हैं ।  – Aah! Upavan mein sundar phul khele hain – Ah! Beautiful flowers are blooming in the garden.

आह! : अव्यव (Avyav – Element), विस्मयादिबोधक (Vismayaadibodak – Exclamation), हर्ष सूचक (Harsh suchak – Joy Indicator)

उपवन में : जतिवाचाक संज्ञा ( Vyaktivachaachak Sangya – Proper noun), पुल्लिंग (Pulling – Masculine), एकवचन (Ekvachan – Singular), अधिकरण कारक (Adhikaran Kaarak – Locative Case)

सुन्दर : गुणवाचक विशेषण (Gunvachaak Visheshan – Attributive Adjective), बहुवचन (Bahuvachan – Plural),  पुल्लिंग (Pulling – Masculine), एकवचन (Ekvachan – Singular)

फूलजतिवाचाक संज्ञा ( Vyaktivachaachak Sangya – Proper noun), पुल्लिंग (Pulling – Masculine), बहुवचन (Bahuvachan – Plural), कर्ता कारक (Karta Kaarak – Nominative Case)

खिले हैं। : अकर्मक क्रिया ( Akarmak Kriya – Intransitive Verb), पुल्लिंग (Pulling – Masculine), बहुवचन (Bahuvachan – Plural), कृत्य वाच्य  (Krity Vaachya – Active Voice)

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.