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Poems are an important part of any language literature. So, do you know any poet in Hindi language? Do you know any style or social issue that encouraged them to write some of wonderful poems?
Let me show you some of the prominent poets in modern Hindi language, their writing style and famous works.
Sudama Panday ‘Dhoomil’
Sudama Panday ‘Dhoomil’ (सुदामा पांडेय ‘धूमिल’) (November 9, 1936 – February 10, 1975), also known as “Dhoomil”, was a famous Hindi poet from Varanasi. He is well known for his poems on protest and Muktibodh.
He has published a collection of poems, ‘Samsad Se Sarak Tak’, ‘संसद से सड़क तक’ (From the Parliament to the Street). Another collection “Kal Sunana Mujhe” ‘कल सुनना मुझे’ (Hear me Tomorrow) of his work was released posthumously and won the Sahitya Akademi Award in Hindi in 1979.
Maithilisharan Gupt (मैथिलीशरण गुप्त) (3 August, 1886– 12 December, 1964) was one of the very important modern Hindi poet. He was a huge supporter and promoter of Khari Boli (plain dialect) which is apparent in his poem of the era when most Hindi poets were using Brajbhasha.
Some of his famous works include Rang mein Bhang, Bharat-Bharati, Jayadrath Vadh, Vikat Bhat, Kaaba-Karbala Plassey ka Yuddha, Gurukul, Kisan, Panchavati, Siddharaj, Saket etc.
Subhadra Kumari Chauhan
Subhadra Kumari Chauhan (सुभद्रा कुमारी चौहान) (1904- February 15, 1948) was a prominent Indian poetess whose heroic poems are full of energy. Her tone was with rebellion and inspired Indian youth to take part in Indian freedom movement before Indian Independence. She wrote in Khari Boli dialect of Hindi. She wrote several poems for children.
Some of her anthologies include Tridhara, Mukul, Yeh Kadamb Ka Ped which consist some of the well-known poems like Jhansi ki Raani, Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basant and Yeh Kadamb Ka Ped.
Kaka Hathrasi (काका हाथरसी) (18 September, 1906 – 18 September, 1995) whose real name was Prabhulal Garg, was one of the greatest humorous poets in Hindi. He wrote under the pen name “Kaka Hathrasi” and became known by this name. He wrote sharp satires on social, religious and political evils, greed and corruption affecting India during his time. His writing style became a new inspiration for upcoming humorous poets.
He wrote around 42 books of humorous verse over four decades besides entertaining common man with his humorous and satirical poems on stage and media.
Mahadevi Varma (महादेवी वर्मा) (26 March, 1907– September 11, 1987) was not just an outstanding Hindi poetess, but also a freedom fighter of Indian freedom movement, woman’s activist and an educationists. She was a major poet of the Chhayavaad era, a period of romanticism in modern Hindi poetry which range from 1914-1938.
Some of her greatest works include Neehar, Agnirekha, Pagal hai kya?